August 12, 2022
2012 (MMXII, in Roman numerals) was a leap year of the 21st century that started on a Sunday, according to the Gregorian calendar. His Sunday letters were AG. Shrove Tuesday took place on February 21st and Easter Sunday on April 8th. According to the Chinese horoscope, it was the year of the Dragon, starting on January 23. The United Nations designates 2012 as the International Year of Sustainable Energy for All. It was reported to be one of the hottest years since 1880. According to NASA it was the 9th hottest, and the 10th by NOAA. It was a year marked by the deepening of the economic crisis and the increase in unemployment in Europe, the re-election of Barack Obama in the United States, the recognition of Palestine as a "non-member observer state" by the UN and the discovery of what could be the Higgs Boson , popularly known as "the God particle". In Brazil, the Judgment of Action 470, known in the media as the "mensalão process", the implementation of the National Truth Commission to investigate State crimes between 1946 and 1988, the holding of municipal elections throughout o national territory and the holding of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, known as "Rio +20". In the world, the deaths of singers Robin Gibb, Donna Summer and Whitney Houston stood out; historian Eric Hobsbawn and astronaut Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon. In Brazil, comedian Chico Anysio, singer Wando, presenter Hebe Camargo and architect Oscar Niemeyer died. In sports, the holding of the XXX Olympiad Games in the city of London, United Kingdom, the title of Chelsea in the UEFA Champions League and the conquest of the Copa Libertadores da América and the FIFA Club World Cup by Corinthians The year was also marked by disasters such as the sinking of the Costa Concordia ship in Italy and Hurricane Sandy, which hit Central America and the east coast of the United States. There has been a huge variety of popular beliefs about the year 2012, supposedly based on the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, but which have been consistently debunked in science.