October 19, 2021
2013 (MMXIII, in Roman numerals) was an ordinary year of the 21st century that began on a Tuesday, according to the Gregorian calendar. Its Sunday lyrics were F. Carnival Tuesday took place on February 12th and Easter Sunday on March 31st. According to the Chinese horoscope, it was the year of the Serpent, starting February 10th. The year 2013 is the first to comprise four different digits since 1987. It was marked by the abdication of Pope Benedict XVI and the choice of the first Latin American pope, Argentine Jorge Mario Bergoglio, who is now called Francisco, Pope Francis. This year was also marked by the denunciation of espionage made by Edward Snowden to some media outlets where he accuses the US and UK government of illegally monitoring and spying through electronic means governments and companies of various countries, generating indignation around the world . Across the world there is a slight recovery of the economy in countries like the USA, China and Europe that have been in crisis for some time, the terrorist attack that took place during the Boston marathon, the birth of Prince William's son Prince George, the coup of state in Egypt, the strong Typhoon in the Philippines killing thousands of people and the arrival of a space probe on the Moon after 37 years, this time sent by China. Also noteworthy is the death of a historical icon, the South African Nelson Mandela, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 and leader in the fight against the segregationist Apartheid regime, the death of actor Paul Walker in a car accident moving people and the death of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. In Brazil, we have as highlights the tragic fire that occurred at the Kiss nightclub, the death of the musician Chorão of the band Charlie Brown Jr, the arrest of the convicts in the monthly allowance case and the strong protests that occurred throughout the country, having as a trigger the police violence during protests against the bus fare in the city of São Paulo.