August 5

Article

August 12, 2022

August 5th is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (218th in leap years). There are 148 left to finish the year.

Historical Events

0025 – Guang Wudi claims the throne as Chinese Emperor, restoring the Han Dynasty after the collapse of the short-lived Xin Dynasty. 0135 – Roman armies enter Betar, killing thousands and ending the Barcoquebas Revolt. 1068 – Byzantine-Norman Wars: The Italian-Normans begin a siege of Bari for nearly three years. 1864 – Civil War: The Battle of Mobile Bay begins, near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and closes one of the last major southern ports. 1884 – The cornerstone of the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe Island (now Liberty Island) in New York Harbor. 1888 – Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim and returns, on the first long-distance automobile trip, commemorated as the Bertha Benz Memorial Route since 2008. 1906 – Persian Constitutional Revolution: Mozafar Adim Shah Kajar, King of Iran, agrees to convert the government into a constitutional monarchy. 1914 – Montenegro declares war on the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the Austro-Hungarian Empire declares war on the Russian Empire. 1916 – World War I: Battle of Romani: Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Kreß von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula. 1954 – Carlos Lacerda suffers the Tonelero Street Attack; his bodyguard, Airman Major Rubens Florentino Vaz, also shot, dies a short time later. 1960 – Burkina Faso, then known as Upper Volta, becomes independent from France. 1963 – Cold War: The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. 1965 – The Indo-Pakistani War begins as Pakistani soldiers cross the Line of Control dressed as locals. 1971 – The first Pacific Islands Forum (then known as the "South Pacific Forum") is held in Wellington, New Zealand, with the aim of improving cooperation between independent Pacific Ocean countries. 1973 – Launch of the Soviet space probe Mars 6. 1989 – General elections are held in Nicaragua, with the Sandinista National Liberation Front winning the most votes. 1995 – Yugoslavian Civil War: The town of Knin, Croatia, a major Serbian stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated in Croatia as Victory Day. 2010 – The San José mine accident occurs, trapping 33 Chilean miners approximately 700 meters below ground for 69 days. 2016 – The Opening Ceremony of the Games of the XXXI Olympiad takes place at the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro.

Births

Prior to the 19th century

1461 – Alexander Jagellon of Poland (d. 1506). 1540 – Joseph Justus Scaliger, French philologist and historian (d. 1609). 1623 – Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (d. 1669). 1662 – James Anderson, British antiquary and historian (d. 1728). 1694 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (d. 1744).

19th century

1802 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1829). 1811 – Ambroise Thomas, French composer (d. 1896). 1813 – Ivar Aasen, Norwegian linguist (d. 1896). 1826 – Andreas Aagesen, Danish jurist (d. 1879). 1827 – Manoel Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian soldier and politician, 1st president of Brazil (d. 1892). 1828 – Louise of the Netherlands (d. 1871). 1833 – Carolina de Vasa, queen of Saxony (d. 1907). 1844 – Ilya Repin, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1930). 1850 – Guy de Maupassant, French writer (d. 1893). 1852 — Maria das Neves de Bragança (d. 1941). 1860 - L