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August 12, 2022

Al-Qaeda (also Al-Qaïda) or, in Portuguese spelling, Al-Qaida (Arabic: القاعدة, transliterated el-Qā'idah or al-Qā'idah, meaning "The base" or "The foundation") is a international Islamic fundamentalist organization, which has its activities mainly based on terrorist attacks that killed thousands of people around the world. This action is a way of pressuring Western governments to vacate areas rich in oil, gold, diamonds, copper, tourmaline in some Middle Eastern countries. This same terrorist group was responsible for the worst attack on the United States of America on September 11, 2001, which culminated in an unprecedented hunt for terrorist chief Osama bin Laden. This Islamic fundamentalist terrorist organization was founded in mid-August 1988 by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam, and several other combatants of the Soviet-Afghan war, made up of collaborative and independent cells infiltrated in Europe, the United States and Asia, mainly among university students. sympathizers and indoctrinated by the terrorist regime and aim to dispute the geopolitical power in the Middle East until constituting a base in Europe and America. It was considered a terrorist organization by the US, UK, European Union, NATO, India and many other countries. At first, al-Qaeda's focus was on expelling Russian troops from Afghanistan. During this period, the United States provided financial assistance to the organization for the purchase of weapons and training. However, with the Gulf War and the installation of US military bases in the Arabian Peninsula, home to the main sanctuaries of Islam, bin Laden began a campaign against the US. Several attacks on civilian or military targets in Africa, the Middle East and North America are attributed to Al-Qaida, namely the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York, Washington, Pennsylvania (to which the North -American responded by launching the War on Terror) and in Paris, against the headquarters of the newspaper Charlie Hebdo. Its founder, former leader and main collaborator was Osama bin Laden and the current leader is Ayman al-Zawahiri. Al-Qaida's organizational structure and the absence of precise data on its functioning are factors that make it difficult to estimate the number of members that compose it and the nature of its warlike capacity. Several aspects related to the network are the subject of controversy.[link inactive]Some consider that its radicalism is due to the fact that it is under the influence of Wahhabism, a movement that seems to inspire its religious ideals.

Overview

The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks in the United States (Commission 9/11) has concluded that al-Qaeda is responsible for a large number of high-profile, violent attacks against civilians, military targets, and commercial institutions around the world. The commission's report attributed the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center in New York, the Pentagon attack in Arlington and Flight 93 in Pennsylvania to al-Qaida's command.[citation needed] directly responsible for the attacks, several analysts, such as Michael Scheuer, a former CIA analyst on terrorism, believe that Al-Qaeda has evolved into a movement "...in which Jihad is self-sustaining, the warriors Islamists fight America with or without the alliance of bin Laden and the original al-Qaeda, and in which the name brings inspiration to new international attacks."[citation needed] The origins of the group can be traced back to the invasion to Afghanistan, in which several non-Afghan, Arab fighters joined the anti-Russian movement formed by the United States and Pakistan. Osama bin Laden, member of a wealthy and prominent