New Year

Article

January 26, 2022

New Year (European Portuguese) or New Year (Brazilian Portuguese), also known as a good year, is the time when a new calendar year begins and a new annual calendar begins. In many cultures around the world, the event is commemorated in some way, especially on the eve of the date. It is one of the biggest festivals in the world, especially in the western world and is also celebrated by many people from all countries of the world.

History

The Gregorian calendar's New Year begins on January 1st ("New Year's Day"), just as it was in the Roman calendar. There are numerous calendars that remain in use in certain regions of the planet that calculate the New Year's date differently. The western commemoration originates from a decree by the Roman leader Julius Caesar, who set January 1 as "New Year's Day" in 46 B.C. The Romans dedicated this day to Janus, the god of the gates. The month of January derives from the name of Janus, who had two faces (and therefore two-faced) – one facing forward (visualizing the future) and the other facing backwards (visualizing the past). The Roman people were polytheistic, that is, they worshiped several different gods, and there is no report that the Jewish people who lived at the same time celebrated the New Year, nor that the early Christians did so. sources?] The order of months in the Roman calendar runs from January to December since King Numa Pompilius in about 700 BC, according to Plutarch and Macrobius. It is only recently that January 1st has once again become the first day of the year in Western culture. Until 1751, for example, in England and Wales (and in all British dominions), the new year began on 25 March. Since then, January 1 has become the first day of the year. During the Middle Ages, several other days were variously regarded as the beginning of the calendar year (March 1, March 25, September 1, December 25). In many countries, such as the Czech Republic, Brazil, Spain, Portugal, Italy and the United Kingdom, January 1st is a national holiday. (For information on the change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar and the effect on the dating of historical events, see the entry Change to the Gregorian calendar) With the expansion of Western culture to many other places in the world during recent centuries, the Gregorian calendar has been adopted by many other countries as the official calendar and the date of January 1st has become global to celebrate the New Year, even in countries with their own celebrations on other days (such as Israel, China and Iran).

Superstitions

There are many superstitions surrounding this date. For example: wearing white clothes, eating seven pomegranate seeds, eating lentils, jumping seven waves in the sea, wearing colorful lingerie, not eating birds that scratch back, eating twelve grapes, etc.

See also

New Year's Eve Chinese new year Noruz‎ Rosh Hashanah‎ Christmas

References

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