December 8, 2021

Rómulo Vasco da Gama de Carvalho (Lisbon, 24 November 1906 - Lisbon, 19 February 1997) was a Portuguese teacher and poet.


He was a secondary school teacher of physical chemistry at Liceu Pedro Nunes, baker, Liceu D. João III (Coimbra) and at Liceu Camões, pedagogue, researcher of the history of science in Portugal, popularizer of science and poet, under the pseudonym of António Gideon. Philosopher's Stone and Preta's Tear are two of his most famous poems. A collaboration of his authorship can be found in the Scientific Panorama section of the weekly Mundo Literário (1946-1948). He was an effective academic at the Lisbon Academy of Sciences and director of the Maynense Museum of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences. The date of his birth was adopted, in Portugal, in 1996, as National Day of Scientific Culture. He had two children, Frederico de Carvalho, also a science graduate, and Cristina Carvalho, writer (the latter from her second marriage to the writer Natalia Nunes). He lies in the Jazigo dos Escritores Portugueses, in the Talhão dos Artistas of the Cemitério dos Prazeres, in Lisbon, together with other notable figures of Portuguese letters, such as José Cardoso Pires or Fernando Namora.


1987 (June 20): Grand Official of the Order of Public Instruction. 1992: The Cova da Piedade Secondary School adopted the name António Gedeão as its patron. 1995 (June 8): Doctor Honoris Causa degree from the University of Évora. 1996: National Tribute, sponsored by the Ministry of Science and Technology. 1996 (November 15): Silver Medal from Universidade Nova de Lisboa. 1996 (December 12): Grand Cross of the Military Order of Sant'Iago da Espada. 1996 (December 18): Medal of Cultural Merit. 1997: Lisbon City Council paid him homage by giving the name António Gedeão to a street in the parish of Marvila, where the Escola de Ensino Basic 2+3 of Marvila is located. 2012: FENPROF, in collaboration with SABSEG – Insurance Broker, created the António Gedeão Prize, a literary prize for teachers. The Prize is an annual poetry award. 2018 (February 26): Grand Cross of the Order of Public Instruction (posthumously).

Main publications

History of Science and Education

"On the first centenary of Lorentz". Physics Gazette. 2, 10 (1952) 275-278. Ferreira da Silva, Man of Science and Thought 1853-1923. Porto, 1953. "The alleged discovery of the law of magnetic actions by Dalla Bella in 1781 at the University of Coimbra". Coimbra, 1954. Sep. Philosophical Magazine, vol. 4, fasc. 11. Portugal in the 'Philosophical Transactions' in the 17th and 18th centuries. Coimbra, 1956. Sep. Philosophical Magazine, 15-16. "Albert Einstein (1879-1955)". Physics Gazette. 3, 4 (1956) 89-96. "Joaquim José dos Reis, builder of the physics machines at the Pombalino Museum of the University of Coimbra". Vertex. 177 (1958). History of the Foundation of the Colégio Real dos Nobres de Lisboa [1765-1772]. Coimbra, 1959. "Historical position of invention of Pedro Nunes's nonius". Lecture. 4 (1960). "Homage to Pascal, 3rd centenary". Lecture. 16 (1962) 21-37. "Notes on Martinho de Mendonça de Pina and Proença [1693-1742]". Western. 56 (1963) 5-36. "Leonis de Pina e Mendonça, 18th Century Portuguese Mathematician". Western. 66 (1964) 170-175. "Brief Education Drawing of a Noble Boy". Lecture. 24 (1965) 40-44. Scientific relations of the French astronomer Joseph-Nicolas de L’Isle with Portugal. Coimbra, 1967. History of the Physics Office of the University of Coimbra [1772-1790] from its foundation in 1772 until the Jubilee of Prof. Giovani António Dalla Bella. Coimbra, 1978. Relations between Portugal and Russia in the 18th century. Lisbon, 1979. The Pedagogical Activity of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences in the 18th and 19th centuries. Lisbon, 1981. Experimental Physics in Portugal in the 18th century. Lisbon

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