May 28, 2022

Bergen (listen to the pronunciation) or Berga (historically Bjørgvin) is the second largest city in Norway, with a population of approximately 250,000. The city is surrounded by seven mountains, which give it a beautiful landscape, but also high levels of precipitation, as the mountains serve as a natural barrier to the clouds of the North Sea.Bergen is a center of culture, commerce and university studies. on the west coast of Norway. Composer Edvard Grieg was born and lived in the city and has composed several of his world-famous pieces there. It is a very popular city for both Norwegian and foreign tourists, being one of the main stops for cruises in the northern seas of Europe. It is the starting point of the Hurtigruten maritime line, whose ships circle the Norwegian coast between Bergen and Kirkenes. And it is also the final station of the Bergen railway line (Bergensbanen), which connects it to Oslo, through landscapes of great natural beauty. It is served by Bergen Airport, Flesland. The University of Bergen is part of the Coimbra Group, which today has around 17,000 students. Ulriken mountain is the highest of the seven mountains that surround the city, with 643 meters of altitude. Bergen was founded in 1070 by Olaf Kyrre and was the capital of Norway until 1299, when Oslo obtained the post. Still, it remained the largest city in Norway until the 1830s. Between 1350 and 1750 it belonged to the Hanseatic League. It was under Nazi German rule from April 1940 to May 1945. The old part of the city - called Bryggen - is linked to the bay, and is surrounded by houses dating back to the time of the Hanseatic League. In 1979, it became part of the UNESCO World Heritage List.



Gerhard Armauer Hansen (1841-1912), identifier of leprosy, or leprosy, in his honor Edvard Grieg (1843-1907), composer for Peer Gynt, which includes In the Cave of the Mountain King Ivar Giaever (1929), Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 Erna Solberg (1961), current Prime Minister of Norway


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Photos of Bergen