Bongbong Marcos


May 17, 2022

Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr. (Manila, Philippines, September 13, 1957), commonly referred to as Bongbong Marcos (BBM), is a Filipino politician who is the president-elect of the Philippines. He served as a senator from 2010 to 2016. He is the second and only child of former president, dictator and kleptocrat Ferdinand Marcos Sr. and former first lady Imelda Romualdez Marcos. In 1980, 23-year-old Marcos Jr. became vice governor of Ilocos Norte, running unopposed for his father's Kilusang Bagong Lipunan party, which ruled the Philippines under martial law. in season. He then became governor of Ilocos Norte in 1983, holding that position until his family was overthrown by the People's Power Revolution and fled into exile in Hawaii in February 1986. After his father's death in 1989, President Corazon Aquino eventually allowed the remaining members of the Marcos family to return to the Philippines to face various charges. He and his mother are currently facing arrest in the United States and its territories for defying a court order to pay $353 million in restitution to victims of human rights abuses under his father's dictatorship. Norte from 1992 to 1995. Marcos ran for and was elected governor of Ilocos Norte again in 1998. After nine years, he returned to his previous post as deputy from 2007 to 2010, becoming a senator under the Nationalist Party from 2010 to 2016. In 2015, Marcos ran for vice president in the 2016 elections. With a difference of 263,473 votes and a difference of 0.64%, Marcos lost to the deputy of Camarines Sur, Leni Robredo. In response, Marcos filed an electoral protest at the Presidential Electoral Court. His petition was later unanimously rejected after the pilot recount of the chosen provinces of Negros Oriental, Iloilo, and Camarines Sur resulted in Robredo extending his lead by an additional 15,093 votes. In 2021, Marcos announced that he would run for president of the Philippines in the upcoming 2022 elections. , under the Federal Party ng Pilipinas (PFP), which he won. His campaign has drawn criticism from fact-checkers and disinformation scholars, who consider his campaign driven by historical denialism that aims to revamp the Marcos brand and smear its rivals. His camp was also accused of covering up the human rights abuses and looting that took place during his father's presidency. The Washington Post noted how the Marcos' historical distortionism has been ongoing since the 2000s, while The New York Times cited his tax fraud convictions, including his refusal to pay his family's real estate taxes and misrepresentation of his university education. from Oxford.

Early life and education

Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr., nicknamed 'Bongbong', was born on September 13, 1957 to Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos and Imelda Remedios Visitacion Romualdez. His father Ferdinand Sr. was representative of the Second District of Ilocos Norte when he was born, and became a senator two years later. His godfathers included prominent cronies of Marcos Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco Jr., and pharmaceutical magnate José Yao Campos. Marcos first studied at Institucion Teresiana and La Salle Green Hills in Manila, where he received his preschool and elementary education, respectively. In 1970, Marcos was sent to England, where he lived and studied at the Worth School, an all-boys Benedictine institution in West Sussex, England. He was studying there when his father declared martial law in the Philippines in 1972. He then enrolled at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, to study philosophy, politics and economics (PPE). However, despite his false claims that he graduated with a bachelor of arts degree from PPE, he did not earn such a degree. Mark had passed philosophy, but failed and