United States cinema

Article

August 12, 2022

American cinema, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a major effect on the film industry at large since the early 20th century. The dominant style of American cinema is classic Hollywood cinema, which developed from 1917 to 1960 and characterizes most films made to date. While Frenchmen Auguste and Louis Lumière are generally credited with the birth of modern cinema, American cinema soon came to be a dominant force in the industry as it emerged. It produces the largest total number of films of any single-language national cinema, with over 700 English-language films released on average every year. While national cinemas in the UK (299), Canada (206), Australia and New Zealand also produce films in the same language, they are not considered part of the Hollywood system. Hollywood was also considered a transnational cinema. Classic Hollywood has produced multi-language versions of some titles, often in Spanish or French. Contemporary production of Hollywood offshores to Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Hollywood is considered to be the oldest film industry where first film studios and production companies emerged, it is also the birthplace of several film genres, including comedy, drama, action, musical, romance, horror and fiction. science, has been an example for other national film industries. In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge demonstrated the power of photography to capture motion. In 1894, the world's first commercial film exhibition was given in New York, using Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope. The United States produced the world's first synchronized sound film musical, The Jazz Singer, in 1927, and was at the forefront of sound film development in the following decades. Since the early 20th century, the US film industry has largely been based around the 30 mile zone around Hollywood, Los Angeles, California. Orson Welles' Citizen Kane (1941) is often cited in critics as the greatest film of all time. Today, US film studios collectively generate hundreds of films every year, making the United States one of the most prolific filmmakers in the world and one of the pioneers in film engineering and technology.

History

Origins and Fort Lee

The first recorded instance of photographs capturing and reproducing movement was a series of photographs of a horse running by Eadweard Muybridge, which he took in Palo Alto, California, using an array of still cameras placed in a row. Muybridge's accomplishments have led inventors everywhere to try to create similar devices. In the United States, Thomas Edison was one of the first to produce such a device, the Kinetoscope. The history of cinema in the United States can trace its roots to the East Coast, where, at one time, Fort Lee, New Jersey, was the capital of American cinema. The industry began in the late 19th century with the construction of Thomas Edison's "Black Maria", the first film studio in West Orange, New Jersey. The cities and towns on the Hudson River and Hudson Palisades offered land at considerably less cost than New York City across the river and benefited enormously as a result of the phenomenal growth of the film industry at the turn of the 20th century. to attract capital and an innovative workforce, and when the Kalem Company began using Fort Lee in 1907 as a filming location in the area, other filmmakers quickly followed. In 1909, a precursor to Universal Studios, Champion Film Company, built the first studio. Others quickly followed and built new studios or leased facilities in Fort Lee. In the 1910s and