October 19, 2021
Continent is a large land mass surrounded by water. In the gigantic mass of salt water (mainly formed by the oceans) by which about 75% of the earth's surface is covered, it is very easy to notice here and there the appearance of very extensive continuous territories, which makes it inconvenient for geographers to give these pasta named after islands. Thus, these land extensions are defined as continents. The concept that geographers use to define a continental mass can vary according to the criteria that these specialists adopt in each case, which can be physical, cultural, political or historical. The physical definition of greater dissemination considers the division into seven continents: Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Asia, Europe and Oceania. This model is taught as a standard in countries such as China, India, Pakistan and in most English-speaking countries with large populations, which makes it the standard used by more than 45% of the world population. But, following both cultural and political criteria, Europe, Asia, Africa, America, Antarctica and Oceania are usually considered continents. Historically, the Old World is made up of the same three continents that constitute Euraphrasia : Europe, Asia and Africa. This classification is based on a true statement that the three land masses are geographically united: Asia and Europe (Eurasia), whose accidents linking the continents are the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea and the Urals, at a time when Africa and Asia are communicated by the Suez isthmus. In the New World are grouped both the American subcontinents that the isthmus of Panama unites; and in the Newest World (Oceania) the great Australian island, the islands of Tasmania, New Zealand, New Guinea, and the archipelagos of Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia are united.