Continent

Article

October 19, 2021

Continent is a large land mass surrounded by water. In the gigantic mass of salt water (mainly formed by the oceans) by which about 75% of the earth's surface is covered, it is very easy to notice here and there the appearance of very extensive continuous territories, which makes it inconvenient for geographers to give these pasta named after islands. Thus, these land extensions are defined as continents. The concept that geographers use to define a continental mass can vary according to the criteria that these specialists adopt in each case, which can be physical, cultural, political or historical. The physical definition of greater dissemination considers the division into seven continents: Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Asia, Europe and Oceania. This model is taught as a standard in countries such as China, India, Pakistan and in most English-speaking countries with large populations, which makes it the standard used by more than 45% of the world population. But, following both cultural and political criteria, Europe, Asia, Africa, America, Antarctica and Oceania are usually considered continents. Historically, the Old World is made up of the same three continents that constitute Euraphrasia : Europe, Asia and Africa. This classification is based on a true statement that the three land masses are geographically united: Asia and Europe (Eurasia), whose accidents linking the continents are the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea and the Urals, at a time when Africa and Asia are communicated by the Suez isthmus. In the New World are grouped both the American subcontinents that the isthmus of Panama unites; and in the Newest World (Oceania) the great Australian island, the islands of Tasmania, New Zealand, New Guinea, and the archipelagos of Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia are united.

Etymology

The etymological origin of the name "continente" is derived from the Latin words continens and entis, meaning "continuous, uninterrupted" (and, "abstinent, moderate"), being in the present participle of continere, meaning "contain, encompass", verb originating from cum, con and tenere, meaning "to have". This is the source of eruditism in five European languages: in Portuguese, Spanish and Italian, mainland (15th century); in English continent, (14th century); the English word continent is a word that was borrowed from the French word continent (12th century). In the geographical meaning considered below, the nouns of the four European languages ​​have the same meaning: in Portuguese, Spanish and Italian, mainland (16th century); in French, continent (1532); in English, continent (1590); and in the German language Kontinent (between the 16th and 17th centuries). The Portuguese and mainland Spanish words were documented between the 12th and 14th centuries, meaning "gesture, attitude, part", whose meaning is currently obsolete.

Classification and definitions

Typologies

There are two types of continents: physical: is any land mass larger than Greenland. political: is a set of countries in a certain region of the world that may contain archipelagos or islands outside their territory. physical: America, Euraphrasia, Australia and Antarctica political: America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania and Antarctica Political continents are not always just those mentioned above, and America is often divided into two parts: North America and South America, as often Central America and the Caribbean archipelago are considered yet other subdivisions of the continent. The term "Euraphrasia" is unusual, but it is more accurate to refer to the large land mass that is subdivided into Europe, Africa and Asia, whereas Asia and Europe

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