May 29, 2022

A battleship or battleship is a heavily armored warship armed with the highest caliber and long-range artillery pieces available. Typically, battleships were larger, more heavily armed, and more heavily armored than cruisers and destroyers. The design of battleships has continually evolved to incorporate and adapt to the latest technological advances. Being considered the heirs of the 18th century sailing ships of the line, in some countries, the great battleships were classified as a ship of the line (German: Linienschiff) or battleship (German: Schlachtschiff, English: battleship, Italian: ship of the battaglia), both being abbreviations of the term "battle-line ship". The launch in 1906 of HMS Dreadnought was the beginning of a revolution in battleship design. Subsequent types of battleships, designed under its inspiration, came to be known as "dreadnoughts." Battleships were a powerful symbol of naval dominance and the power of a nation. For decades, battleships were a determining factor in the diplomatic and military strategy of the powers that owned them. The global arms race, in terms of building battleships, was one of the causes of the First World War, in which the Battle of Jutland took place, a confrontation between the huge British and German battleship fleets, considered to be the biggest naval battle in the world. story. The international naval armament limitation treaties of the 1920s and 1930s limited the number of battleships, but did not stop their evolution. Both the Allies and the Axis Powers developed battleships during World War II. Nonetheless, some historians and naval strategists question the value of battleships. The Battle of Tsushima, between the Russian and Japanese navies, in 1905, was the only decisive confrontation between battleship fleets and one of the few that occurred, besides the indecisive Battle of Jutland. Despite their enormous firepower and protection, battleships became increasingly vulnerable to simple and cheap weapons: initially the torpedo and the sea mine, then the aircraft and the missile. The increase in fighting distance in naval combat led to the development of the aircraft carrier which replaced the battleship as the main type of ship of the line during World War II. During the Cold War, only the US Navy kept some of its battleships in service, using them in fire support missions against land targets. The last US battleships were shot down in service in March 2006.

Ships of line

A ship of the line was a large sailing warship, built of wood, unarmored, with two or three covered batteries, on which between 50 and 120 artillery pieces were mounted. The ship of the line resulted from a gradual evolution of a basic project originating from the ships developed by the Portuguese in the 15th century. Aside from growth in size, the ship of the line changed little between the adoption of line-of-battle tactics in the early 17th century and the end of the sailing navy in the 1830s. In the late 18th century, the term The complete "ship of the line of battle" was abbreviated, in some countries, to "ship of battle". , destroying its masts and shooting down its crew. However, the effective range of his pieces was only a few hundred meters, and battle tactics depended entirely on the wind. The first major change in the ship-of-the-line concept was the introduction of steam as an auxiliary means of propulsion. Steam propulsion was gradually introduced in navies during the first half of the 19th century, initially in the