Cuba

Article

May 29, 2022

Cuba (pronounced in Spanish: [ˈkuβa]), officially the Republic of Cuba, is an island country located in the Caribbean Sea (or Caribbean Sea), in Central America and the Caribbean (sub-continent of America). It is a country that comprises the island of Cuba, as well as the Isle of Youth and several smaller archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean, where the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean meet. It lies east of the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico), south of both Florida and the Bahamas, west of Hispaniola, and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The official area of ​​the Republic of Cuba is 109,884 square kilometers (excluding territorial waters). The main island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and the Caribbean, with an area of ​​104,338 square kilometers. Cuba is the second most populous country in the Caribbean, after Haiti, with more than 11 million inhabitants. The territory that is now Cuba has been inhabited by the Taíno Cybones peoples since the fourth millennium BC. until Spanish colonization in the 15th century. From the 15th century, it was a colony of Spain until the Spanish-American War of 1898, when Cuba was occupied by the United States and gained nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902. Being a fragile republic, in 1940 Cuba tried to strengthen its democratic system, but growing political radicalization and social unrest culminated in a coup and subsequent US-backed dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1952. Open corruption and oppression under Batista led to his ouster in January 2019. 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which later established a dictatorship of the proletariat under the leadership of the Communist Party of Cuba, Fidel Castro being one of its founders, elected first secretary of the central committee from 1965 to 2011. The National Assembly of People's Power is the legislative parliament of the Republic of Cuba and the supreme organ of state power and its current president is Esteban Lazo Hernández. The current president of the Republic of Cuba is Miguel Díaz-Canel, who is also the current first secretary of the PCC. The country was a point of contention during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a nuclear war nearly broke out during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Cuba is one of the current Marxist-Leninist socialist states in existence. Under Castro, Cuba was involved in a wide range of military and humanitarian activities in Asia and Africa. Cuba sent over 400,000 of its citizens to fight in Angola (1975-91) and defeated South Africa's armed forces in conventional warfare involving tanks, aircraft, and artillery. Cuban intervention in Angola contributed to the fall of the apartheid regime in South Africa. Culturally, Cuba is considered part of Latin America. It is a multi-ethnic country whose people, culture and customs derive from diverse origins, including the Taíno Ciboneis peoples, the long period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves and a close relationship with the Soviet Union in the Cold War. Cuba is a sovereign state and a founding member of the United Nations, the G77, the Non-Aligned Movement, the ACP Countries, the ALBA and the Organization of American States. It currently has one of the only planned economies in the world, and its economy is dominated by the tourism industry and exports of skilled labour, sugar, tobacco, and coffee. According to the Human Development Index, Cuba has high human development and is ranked eighth in North America, and 72nd globally in 2019. It also ranks high in some national performance metrics, including health and