Culture of Cucuteni
October 19, 2021
The Cucuteni culture, also called Tripilian Culture, was a culture from the Neolithic period that occupied the region of present-day Romania, Moldova and Ukraine. Their houses, usually rectangular, were arranged in lines or concentric circles, attesting to the existence of pre-established construction plans. Some of these settlements, especially in the east of the region, appear to have comprised several hundred dwellings. These constructions used wood and a mixture of clay and straw, and, very rarely, stones. The main characteristic of this culture is its pottery, probably produced with the aid of a primitive potter's wheel, and painted in a peculiar way. The decoration, at first made up of incisions and grooves, later went on to monochrome paintings, and combinations of two tones or tricolors, black, white and red. The tools, made from bones and horns, were rich and varied. In the sculpture, they represented richly decorated anthropomorphic figures, initially with linear engravings and later painted motifs. Female figures predominated, which suggests a matriarchal social organization. Cucuteni's economy was essentially agricultural. The importance of hunting and raising animals depended on environmental conditions, and fishing and gathering were equally important. No Cucutenis cemeteries were discovered, only individual graves.