Anne Frank Diary

Article

December 8, 2021

The Diary of Anne Frank is a book written by Anne Frank between June 12, 1942 and August 1, 1944 during World War II. It is known for narrating moments experienced by the group of Jews confined in a hideout during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. Originally published under the title Het Achterhuis. Dagboekbrieven 14 Juni 1942 – 1 Augustus 1944 (The Appendix: Diary Notes June 14, 1942 - August 1, 1944) by "Contact Publishing" in Amsterdam in 1947, the diary received wide popular and critical attention after its publication English titled "Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl" by Doubleday & Company (United States) and Vallentine Mitchell (United Kingdom) in 1952. Since then, it has been published in over 40 countries and translated into over 70 languages, and has sold over 35 million copies worldwide, 16 million of which in Brazil alone. Its popularity inspired the play "The Diary of Anne Frank" from 1955, by screenwriters Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, who also adapted it for a 1959 film version. His notes were declared by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) as a World Heritage Site. In addition, the book is ranked 19th on the list of The 100 Books of the Century according to Le Monde.

Context

During the Nazi occupation of Holland, Anne Frank received a blank diary as one of her gifts on June 12, 1942, her 13th birthday. According to the Anne Frank House, the red checkered autograph book Anne used as her diary wasn't really a surprise, as she picked it up the day before with her father when browsing a bookstore near her house. She began writing on it two days later. On July 5, 1942, Anne's older sister, Margot, received an official summons to report to a Nazi labor camp in Germany, and on July 6, Margot and Anne they went into hiding with their parents Otto and Edith. They were later joined by Otto's partner Hermann van Pels, including his wife Auguste and teenage son Peter. His hiding place was in the closed upper rooms of the annex at the back of Otto's Amsterdam company building. Otto Frank started his business, called Opekta, in 1933. He was licensed to manufacture and sell pectin, a substance used to make jam. He stopped running his business while he was hiding. But as soon as he returned, he found his employees running it. The rooms everyone hid in were hidden behind a mobile bookcase in the same Opekta building. Mrs. Van Pels' dentist, Fritz Pfeffer, joined them four months later. In the published version, the names have been changed: The van Pelses are known as Van Daans and Fritz Pfeffer as Albert Dussel. With the help of a group of trusted Otto Frank colleagues, they remained in hiding for two years and a month. In August 1944, they were discovered and deported to Nazi concentration camps. It had long been thought that they had been betrayed, although there is evidence that their discovery may have been accidental, that the police operation actually targeted "rationing fraud." Of the eight people, only Otto Frank survived the war. Anne was 15 years old when she died in Bergen-Belsen. The exact date of his death is unknown and has long been believed to have been in late February or early March, a few weeks before the prisoners were released by British troops on April 15, 1945. In the manuscript, their original diaries are written in three existing volumes. The first volume (the red and white checkered autograph book) covers the period between June 14 and December 5, 1942. Like the second volume (a school notebook) it starts on December 22, 1943 and ends on April 17, 1944 , it is assumed that

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