Dramaturgy is the craft of preparing a text with the aim of transporting it to the stage, presenting the ideas contained in this work to an audience. The word drama comes from the Greek and means action. Thus, the dramaturgical text is one that is written specifically to represent the action. The one dedicated to this task is the dramatist. The heart of action is conflict. Every action in the scene depends on the conflict and the way different characters act to achieve their different goals. The dramatist can act in tragedy, comedy, historical drama, bourgeois drama, melodrama, farce, and even in the musical genre. However, dramaturgy is not only related to theatrical text, it is present in every work written for the performing arts: movie scripts, soap operas, sitcoms or miniseries.
Dramaturgy created for television is known as teledramaturgy and can be classified as follows: unitary program, series, miniseries and soap opera. The latter is distinguished from soap opera, a specific genre of American television.
In a theatrical text a story is told as a narrative. There is usually a plot, main and minor characters, a certain conflict, an introduction, a climax and an outcome. It differs, however, from a novel, due to the way the text is arranged in general with regard to the description of settings, characters and the presence of the narrator. In addition, the effects caused by dividing the theatrical text into scenes and/or acts according to the order of events must be observed.
Aristotle defined dramaturgy as "the organization of human actions in a coherent way provoking strong emotions or an irrepressible state of enjoyment or wonder."
It is not unheard of to point out that, for André Antoine, the spectacle as he conceived it was based on and around a text, despite the notorious controversy between Naturalism and Symbolism at the time. Antoine founded the Théâtre Libre in Paris in 1887. His work had enormous influence on the French scene, as well as on similar companies elsewhere in Europe. "If naturalistic drama were to appear, only a man of genius could have generated it. Corneille and Racine made the tragedy Victor Hugo made the romantic drama Where is the still-unknown author who will make the naturalist drama? - Le Naturalisme au théâtre (OC, F. Bernouard, t.42, p.21).
It is also known that Antoine was celebrated for revealing to his contemporaries (and to those who came after them) new playwrights. Divulged Tolstoy (The Power of Darkness, 1888), Turgenev (Other's Bread, 1890), Courteline (Lidoire, 1891; 1893), August Strindberg (Miss Julia, 1893), Jules Renard (Breakfast, 1900), Henrik Ibsen (Wild Duck, 1906), et al.
His story, and the story of his relationship with Constantin Stanislavski, reveals a new aspect of the role of playwright, and of his work, given what had been happening with the "uprising" of the staging. Advances that never prevented him from always putting his very personal "personal vision" in his work.
And, of course, as history relegates us, we know that, based on Anton Chekhov's creations, Stanislavski was then able to structure his famous and historic "method" of interpretation for the actor.
And he was even able to make advances in his aesthetics, even contradicting Diderot, where the actor's true paradox no longer resided in "simulating emotions", but now, and evidently, his paradox would shift to the fact that he (the actor) could not "become" anyone else but with his own emotions, while, in the process, he remained himself.
Dramaturgy systematically comes as a result of in-depth research.