Edward of Westminster

Article

October 19, 2021

Edward of Westminster (13 October 1453 – 4 May 1471), also known as Edward of Lencastre, was Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall, as the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou. He was born in the palace of Westminster and, in keeping with the tradition of the time, came to be known by that surname.

Beginning of life

Edward was born in the Palace of Westminster, London, the only son of King Henry VI of England and his wife Margaret of Anjou. At the time, there were conflicts between Henry's supporters and those of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, who claimed the throne and challenged the authority of Henry's state officials. Henry was suffering from mental illness and there were widespread rumors that the prince was the result of an affair between his mother and one of his loyal supporters. Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset and James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormonde, were suspected of being Prince Edward's parents; however, there is no firm evidence to support the rumors, and Henry himself never doubted the boy's legitimacy and publicly recognized paternity. Edward was invested as Prince of Wales at Windsor Castle in 1454.

War on the English Throne

In 1460, King Henry was captured by the Duke of York's supporters at the Battle of Northampton and taken to London. The Duke of York was dissuaded from claiming the throne immediately, but he induced Parliament to pass the Act of Agreement, by which Henry was allowed to reign, but Edward was disinherited, as the Duke of York or his heirs would become king in death of Henry. Meanwhile, Queen Margaret and Edward fled across Cheshire. By Margarida's later account, she induced bandits and looters to help her, committing them to recognize seven-year-old Edward as the rightful heir to the crown. They later reached safety in Wales and traveled to Scotland, where Marguerite supported, while the Duke of York's enemies gathered in northern England. After the Duke of York was slain at the Battle of Wakefield, the great army that Margaret had mustered advanced south. They defeated the army of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, one of the Duke of York's most prominent supporters, at the Second Battle of St. Albans. Warwick brought King Henry captive on his army train and was found abandoned on the battlefield. Two of Warwick's knights, William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville and Sir Thomas Kyriell, who had agreed to stay with Henry and see that he did no harm, were captured. The day after the battle, Marguerite asked Edward what death the two knights must suffer. Eduardo promptly replied that their heads should be cut off.

Exile in France

Daisy hesitated to advance into London with her rebel army and then withdrew. They were defeated at the Battle of Towton a few weeks later. Margaret and Edward fled once more, to Scotland. Over the next three years, Margaret inspired several revolts in England's northernmost counties, but was eventually forced to sail to France, where she and Edward held a court in exile (Henrique had been captured once more and was a prisoner in the Tower of London). In 1467, the ambassador of the Duchy of Milan at the court of France wrote that Edward "no longer speaks of anything but chopping off his head or waging war, as if he had everything in his hands or were the god of battle or the peaceful occupant of it in the throne.” After several years in exile, Daisy seized the best opportunity that presented itself and allied with the renegade Earl of Warwick. King Louis XI of France wanted to start a war with Burgundy, allies of the York king Edward IV. He believed that if he allied with restoring the Lencastre Dynasty, they would help him

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