Esquadrilha da Fumaça is the popular name of the "Esquadrão de Demonstração Aérea" (EDA), a group of pilots and mechanics of the Brazilian Air Force who demonstrate aerial acrobatics throughout Brazil and around the world.
The origins of the Esquadrilha da Fumaça date back to the early 1940s, when the Aeronautics School was created at the Afonsos Air Base, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The first official aerial demonstration of the group that would form the Esquadrilha da Fumaça took place in May 1952, for a foreign delegation visiting the School. The embryo of the squadron was formed there, inside the Aeronautics School.
In 1969, the Escola de Aeronáutica was renamed Escola de Aeronáutica da Academia da Força Aérea (AFA), remaining at the Afonsos Air Base until 1971, when it was transferred to the city of Pirassununga, in the state of São Paulo. In 1982, after six years of inactivity, the Esquadrilha da Fumaça was reactivated as the new name of Esquadrão de Demonstração Aérea (EDA).
Its mission, according to the definition of the EDA, is "to carry out aerial demonstrations in order to spread, at a national and international level, the institutional image of the Brazilian Air Force (FAB)".
The Esquadrilha da Fumaça was created in 1952, on the initiative of flight instructors from the former Escola de Aeronáutica, based in the city of Rio de Janeiro. In their spare time, the pilots trained in group acrobatics to encourage the cadets to believe in their skills and in the reliability of the aircraft used in the instruction. of the group. After a few presentations, the need to provide the public with a better view of the maneuvers performed was perceived. With this, in 1953, the North American T-6 was added to the aircraft used at the time, with an exclusive oil tank for the production of smoke.
Over time, the aircraft and acrobatics have changed, but the essence of the Esquadrilha has preserved the spirit of boldness and determination of the group.
On November 28, 1961, in the city of Florianópolis in Santa Catarina. During a military ceremony, held at the time of the command of Colonel Lara Ribas. two T-6 Texan planes collided in midair. The plane piloted by Captain Durval Pinto Trindade lost the rudder and crashed in the center of the city. The disaster was in the vicinity of Largo Benjamin Constant. For this reason, the place became known as Praça do Avião. The other pilot with the damaged wing managed to make an emergency landing at the Florianópolis Military Base.
On May 1, 1995, Captain Cláudio Gonçalves Gamba, pilot of aircraft number 7 of the EDA, died after failing to recover from the Lancevak maneuver, during the presentation in the municipality of Rio Negrinho. After this accident, the maneuver was removed from the EDA display as it was too dangerous, replaced by Thickness with a similar visual effect.
On April 2, 2010, Captain Anderson Amaro Fernandes, pilot of aircraft number 7 of the EDA, died by violently crashing his aircraft into the ground after performing the Snap Roll maneuver, during an air show in the city of Lages. 2013, the demonstrations of the Esquadrilha da Fumaça were suspended in air events, the reason was the replacement of the T-27 Tucanos by the A-29 Super Tucano. The new aircraft produced by Embraer are undergoing the necessary technical adaptations so that they can perform aerial acrobatics. The then commander of the Smoke Squadron, Lieutenant Colonel Marcelo Gobett Cardoso, during the ceremony for the unit's 62 years of 2014, stated: "We live an atypical routine totally focused on the implementation of a new project. The challenge of adapting the doctrine, logistics and processes of the Squadron to the characteristics of the A-29 Super Tucano truck