Train station


January 26, 2022

A railway station is a building intended for the embarkation or disembarkation of passengers by train and, secondarily, for the loading and unloading of transported cargo. It usually consists of at least one building for passengers (and possibly for cargo as well), in addition to other facilities associated with the operation of the railway. Older stations used to be built for both purposes - passengers and freight, although there was often a freight terminal nearby, even in small communities. This dual purpose is less common today, when freight terminals are often restricted to larger stations. If the station is located at the end/beginning of the railway, it is called terminal). Suspended walkways are usually present to allow passengers easy and safe access to trains. Boarding platforms can be connected by underground paths, bridges or elevators. Structures intended for passengers, such as shelters, ticket offices and benches can be found on the platforms or in the public circulation part of the station. During a journey, the term stop is used in notices, to differentiate an interruption in which passengers can board or disembark the train, from an interruption due to any other reason, such as a locomotive change. In addition to providing services to passengers and facilities for loading cargo, the stations can also count on locomotive maintenance workshops. These workshops may have warehouses for storing and refueling locomotives and tooling for minor repairs. In the United States, a train station that is used by several rail transport companies may be called a union station. Stations that share the same physical space with other modes of transport, such as buses or subways, are also referred to as integration stations.


The first stations resembled tram stations, with few buildings and amenities. The first modern station was the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which opened in 1830. Today, Manchester's Liverpool Road Station is preserved as part of the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester. It resembles a row of Georgean architecture houses. In remote rural communities in Canada and the United States of America, passengers waiting to board must signal the train to stop. Such stations are known as "Flag Stops. Many stations date back to the 19th century and reflect the architecture of the time, large in size, tending to honor both the city and the railways. In countries where the railways were late to arrive, they still have such architecture, with newer stations imitating the style of the 19th century. Various forms of architecture were used for the construction of train stations, from the most elaborate styles, such as Baroque and Gothic, to the more utilitarian or modern styles. The most recently built stations even resemble airports, with their abstract, cold and flat style. Examples of modern stations include some of the newer high-speed rail stations, such as the Shinkansen in Japan, the TGV lines in France, the Hauptbahnhof station in Berlin, or the ICE lines in Germany. Great Britain introduces a new modern rail terminus at Waterloo station. This station will cease to be the Eurostar terminal when the new St Pancras train station, linked to the high-speed Channel Tunnel Rail Link, opens in 2007.

See also

Central Station


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