Shipyard

Article

May 28, 2022

Shipyard is considered the place where ships are built or repaired, or even the place and set of means used in the execution of a construction work. or its derivatives, for all purposes, military, transport, police, leisure, fishing, for example, when you want to "increase the size of a ship" (turning it, as they say, into a quasi-ship), divides then, the said - ship is then in half and "it is - reconstructed", with the "enlargement - of - the - middle", naturally, that after a lot of Calculus and Mathematics, of "exams - in - prototypes and/or models", whether the Project is viable or not."In a broad sense, a shipyard can be defined as the set of means (human, material and technical) necessary for the execution of a work"; more narrowly, "shipyard (also called temporary or mobile shipyard) is the physical space where the temporary infrastructures, the fixed installations to support the execution of a work, and where the equipment, human and technical resources necessary for the implementation of the work associated with it".

Shipyard

History

The action of repairing and building boats is indeed uncertain and probably came about with the first boat built by man. Archeology says the oldest was built around 2400 BC. in Lotal in India. It was the port city of Lotal.

Shipyards in Portugal

Shipbuilding was at the base of Portugal's expansion in the world in the 15th and 16th centuries. The old shipyard of Ribeira das Naus was one of the most important at that time. In the 20th century, modern Portuguese shipyards related to shipbuilding and repair emerged, such as the Lisnave and Viana do Castelo shipyards.

Shipyards in Brazil

The first Brazilian shipyard was built by Barão de Mauá in Niterói, when the then Brazilian government made a loan, to be repaid in eleven years in 1846 for this purpose. Its first ship was built in 1850. By 1961 it had already built 72 ships (half military and half civilian). After this initial undertaking, it was only in 1950 that Brazil provided more incentives through the Kubitschek Government. The Merchant Marine Fund (FMM) was created. With this fund, Brazil reached in 1972 the second industrial park of merchant ships in the world, second only to Japan. Brazil did not have world exports like Japan and depended exclusively on internal orders and those from the military. So it ends up leaving the world stage. Until today, Brazilian shipyards depend exclusively on the FMM and on a specific tax entitled Additional Freight for the Renovation of the Merchant Marine (AFRMM), levied on freight in national waters.

Shipyards in Asia

In a period just over 10 years, the Japanese took first place on the world shipyard scene, displacing the traditional British Navy. A fact that continues to this day. The period of Japanese evolution was just after the Second World War between 1945/1956. South Korea, on the other hand, had its great growth in the period 1980/1987, when its world share jumped from eight percent to almost thirty percent. In turn, China had its rapid growth and assumed the world leadership in numbers of ships built and in revenue after the opening of the Chinese market to the world. Currently, Asia is the world leader in the shipyard segment, with Japan, China, South Korea being the main world suppliers.

Leadership in ship building

Before 1946: United Kingdom 1946/1955: France/Italy/Spain (Western Europe) 1956/1973: Japan (Brazil occupied the second position). 1974/1989: South Korea 1990/2007: People's Republic of China