Florida (AFI: [ˈflɔɾidɐ]) or Florida (in European Portuguese AFI: [fluˈɾidɐ]; in Brazilian or European Portuguese AFI: [floˈridɐ]) is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the Southeast region of the country. The state is the southernmost of the 48 mainland states of the country. Florida's population growth rate is the fifth highest among US states.
Florida's main source of income is tourism. The state is known worldwide for its many tourist attractions, which annually attract more than 60 million tourists from other American states and other countries. These attractions include numerous beaches, which together with the relatively mild climate all year round, attract millions of American and Canadian tourists in winter, Walt Disney World (often incorrectly called Disneyland as this term applies to Disney theme park in Anaheim, California), and the Cape Canaveral Launch Center. Other important sources of income for the state are orange growing - almost all American orange juice is produced in Florida - finance and the aerospace industry.
Florida was initially explored and colonized by the Spaniards, who controlled it until 1819, when it was bought and annexed by the United States. Florida became the 27th American state on March 3, 1845. The state separated from the United States in 1861, joining the Confederate States of America. After the defeat of the Confederates in the American Civil War in 1865, Florida was reinstated as a state in 1868. Since then, Florida's population has started to grow considerably, a growth that continues to this day.
The peninsula was named after the Spanish conqueror Juan Ponce de León (1460-1521), who explored the region in April 1513. According to the most widespread current, the name "Florida" (in Castilian, and also in Portuguese, full of flowers) is due to the richness of the flora found by the explorers. However, it is more accepted among specialists the hypothesis that the name is a reference to Pascua Florida, another name by which the Christian celebration of Palm Sunday is known, which occurred in the same period of the arrival of Ponce de León's expedition. In Portuguese, José Pedro Machado points out that the accented pronunciation (proparoxytone) "Florida" is due to the influence of the English language pronunciation, unlike "Florida", an original pronunciation of Castilian and perfectly equivalent to the Portuguese pronunciation of the same adjective (florida ) which is, in fact, serious (paroxytone).
Prior to European exploration and colonization, Native American tribes such as the Calusa and Tequesta already lived in the region, having inhabited the region for several thousand years. They fished and hunted to survive in the area. The Apeches, on the other hand, made use of fishing and agriculture for food.
The first European explorer to explore the region where Florida is currently located was Ponce de León, who landed in Florida in 1513, a few days after Good Friday. Some historians say León was looking for a supposed "fountain of youth" on an island called Bimini, which was supposedly located in northern Cuba. León immediately claimed the land in the name of the Spanish Crown, and named the region La Florida ("The Florida"), in honor of Pascua Florida, the Spanish expression for Easter. He immediately returned to Spain. The Spanish court sent León back to Florida to begin colonizing the region, but he was killed in a battle with native Calusa.
Later, in 1528, the Spaniard Pánfilo de Narváez led an expedition, consisting of a few hundred soldiers, in South Florida. Narváez was looking for riches such as precious metals. But constant struggles against n