Freddie Mercury

Article

December 8, 2021

Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; Stone Town, September 5, 1946—London, November 24, 1991) was a British singer, pianist and songwriter known for his work with the British rock band Queen, which he was part of from 1970 until the year of his death (1991). Freddie became known for his powerful tone of voice and his energetic performances that involved interaction with the audience, having been regarded as one of the greatest artists of all time. As a songwriter, Mercury created most of Queen's greatest hits such as "We Are the Champions", "Love of my Life", "Killer Queen", "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Somebody to Love" and "Don't Stop Me Now". In addition to his work in the band, Mercury has also released several side projects, including a solo album, Mr. Bad Guy, in 1985, and a record of opera with Spanish soprano Montserrat Caballé, Barcelona, ​​in 1988. Mercury died of bronchopneumonia , brought on by AIDS, in 1991, a day after having publicly acknowledged the disease. His work with Queen still generates recognition to this day: Mercury is cited as the main influence of many other singers and bands. In 2006, he was named the greatest African celebrity of all time and was also named the greatest band leader in history in a public poll organized by American MTV. In 2008, he ranked eighteenth on Rolling Stone Magazine's "100 Greatest Singers of All Time" list, and the following year Classic Rock named him the greatest vocalist in rock and roll. With Queen, Mercury has sold over 150 million records worldwide.

Biography

Childhood and adolescence

Freddie Mercury, baptized Farrokh Bulsara, was born in the British colony Stone City, in Zanzibar (today part of Tanzania), his parents, Bomi and Jer Bulsara, were Parsis Zoroastrians from Gujarat, India. The Bulsara family moved from India to Zanzibar so Bomi could keep his job at the English Colonial Bank, and there the couple also had their second daughter, Kashmira. In 1954, at age eight, the boy was sent to study at St. Peter's Boarding School, a boys' school in the Indian city of Bombay, having traveled all the way alone aboard a ship. At that time, already a great fan of music, he started taking piano lessons, heavily influenced by the local singer Lata Mangeshkar. At age twelve, he formed a band called The Hectics, with whom he performed at school events singing hits by artists such as Cliff Richard and Little Richard, and it was at this time that he came to be called "Freddie" by his friends. Despite being appreciated by the elders due to his charisma and musical talent, the boy suffered a lot of bullying from other children of his age due to his effeminate personality, which led him to become an introspective and very shy person when around strangers. When he was older, Freddie lived in his grandmother's house, but continued to attend the same school until the end of the course, returning to his parents' house afterwards. When Freddie was seventeen, the Bulsara family, frightened by the Revolution Zanzibar Civilian from 1964, moved to the English capital, London, where he went on to study art at Isleworth Polytechnic School, later earning his degree as a graphic designer through Ealing Art College. After his graduation, Freddie went to work as a clothing salesman at the famous Kensington Market, alongside his then-girlfriend Mary Austin, and was also an attendant at Heathrow Airport for a brief time. In 1969, Freddie started the band Ibex, later named Wreckage, but that didn't last long, later joining the group Sour Milk Sea. In April 1970, Freddie joined guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor in the trio Smile, whose name was changed to "Queen", and around this time, Freddie adopted the nickname "M

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