Friedrich Engels

Article

August 12, 2022

Friedrich Engels (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʔɛŋl̩s]; November 28, 1820 – August 5, 1895) was a Prussian industrial entrepreneur and revolutionary theorist, born in present-day Germany, who together with Karl Marx founded the so-called scientific socialism or Marxism. He co-authored several works with Marx, the best known of which is the Communist Manifesto. He also helped to publish, after Marx's death, the last two volumes of Capital, the main work of his friend and collaborator. Engels also edited Marx's notes on Theories of Surplus Value, which were later published as the "fourth volume" of Capital. A great companion of Karl Marx, he wrote books of profound social analysis. Between December 1847 and January 1848, together with Marx, he wrote the Manifesto of the Communist Party, where he made a brief presentation of a new conception of history, stating that: Engels died in London on 5 August 1895 at the age of 74 and after cremation his ashes were thrown overboard at Beachy Head, Eastbourne.

Biography

He was born on November 28, 1820 and died on August 5, 1895. He was the eldest of nine children of a wealthy industrialist from Barmen (Germany). Main collaborator of Karl Marx, Engels played a leading role in the elaboration of communist theory, based on historical and dialectical materialism. In 1842, 22-year-old Engels was sent by his parents to Manchester, England to work for the Ermen and Engels Victoria Mill in the West which made sewing threads. He takes over the management of one of the factories for a few years and is then impressed by the misery in which the workers in his family's factories live. As a result of this indignation, Engels developed a detailed study of the situation of the working class in England, which became the basis of one of his main works: The Situation of the Working Class in England, published in 1845.After a productive stay in Great Britain Brittany, Engels decided to return to Germany in 1844. On the way, he stopped in Paris to meet Karl Marx, with whom he had a previous correspondence. Marx had been living in Paris since late October 1843 following the Prussian government's ban on circulation of the Rhenish Gazette in March 1843. Many of his later works are produced in collaboration with Marx, the most famous of which is the Communist Manifesto (1848) . However, he wrote alone some of the most important works for the development of Marxism, such as Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy, From Utopian Socialism to Scientific Socialism and The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State. Christianity would be the religion of the poor and oppressed and came to establish a parallel between primitive Christianity and the socialism of its time. In his study of the peasants' war in Germany, he identifies Thomas Munzer, the theologian and leader of the heretical revolutionary peasants of the 16th century, as someone who fought for the immediate and concrete establishment of the "Kingdom of God", the millenarian kingdom of the prophets. According to Engels, the "Kingdom of God" would be for Munzer a society without class differences and without private property. In this way, Engels revealed the contesting potential of religion and paved the way for a new approach to the relationship between religion and society. of the family, Helena Demuth. Engels died of throat cancer in London, 1895. After cremation at Woking Crematorium, his ashes were scattered at Beachy Head near Eastbourne as he had requested.

Main works

The Holy Family (1844)

The Holy Family is a book written by Marx and Engels in November 1844. The book is a critique of the Young Hegelians and their t