Galicia (Central Europe)
July 6, 2022
Galicia (in Ukrainian and rusin Галичина [Halyčyna]; in Polish/Polish: Galicja; in Czech and Slovak: Halič; in German: Galizien; in Hungarian: Galicia/Kaliz/Gácsország/Halics; in Romanian: Galiția/Halici; Russian: Галиция [Galitsiya]; Yiddish: גאַליציע [Galitsiye]) is a historical-geographical region of east-central Europe. It was part of the Austrian Empire (from 1864 to 1918 called Austro-Hungarian Empire) and its territory is currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. The area, which is named after the medieval town of Halych, was first mentioned in Hungarian medieval chronicles from the year 1206 as Galiciæ. In 1253, Prince Daniel of Galicia was crowned King of Rus (Latin: Rex Rusiae) or King of Ruthenia after the Mongol invasion of Russia (Kieve Russia). In 1352 the Kingdom of Galicia-Volynia was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland as the Ruthenian Voivodeship (Latin: Palatinatus Russiae).