George Walton Lucas Jr. (Modesto, May 14, 1944) is an American film producer, philanthropist, screenwriter and film director. World famous as the creator of the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises, Lucas is among the richest and most influential people in the world, with an estimated fortune of $5 billion.
George Walton Lucas Jr. was born in Modesto, California USA to Dorothy and George Lucas. He was passionate about automobiles, but a terrible accident put an end to this desire and changed his way of seeing life.
Lucas' father owned a stationery store and wanted George to work for him when he turned 18. Lucas was planning to go to art school and declared upon leaving home that he would be a millionaire by age 30. He attended Modesto Junior College, where he studied anthropology, sociology, and literature, among other subjects. He also started filming with an 8mm camera, including footage of car racing. At this point, Lucas and his friend John Plummer became interested in Canyon Cinema: screenings of avant-garde 16mm underground filmmakers such as Jordan Belson, Stan Brakhage, and Bruce Conner. Lucas and Plummer also saw classic European films of the time, including Jean-Luc Godard's À bout de souffle, François Truffaut's Jules et Jim, and Federico Fellini's 8½. "That's when George really started exploring," Plummer said. Through his interest in autocross racing, Lucas met renowned filmmaker Haskell Wexler, another racing enthusiast. Wexler, after working with Lucas on several occasions, was impressed by Lucas' talent. "George had a very good eye and thought visually," he recalled. During the 1960s, Lucas studied film at the University of Southern California, one of the first to have a chair dedicated to this subject, where he met Francis Ford Coppola. At that time he made a series of short films, including a short film, THX-1138, which would later become his first feature film.
After graduating, he founded the studio American Zoetrope, in partnership with Coppola, a company that aimed to help filmmakers create free-form films outside the oppressive Hollywood circuit. Zoetrope was not successful, but with the money made from Summer Madness and Star Wars, Lucas was able to set up his own company, Lucasfilm, which he put up for sale in 2012, closing a deal with Disney for 4 billion dollars. The sub-divisions of this company, "Skywalker Sound" and "Industrial Light & Magic" have become the most respected in their fields, respectively, sound and special effects. Also "Lucasfilm Games", later renamed "LucasArts", was very well regarded in the computer games industry.
Lucas was fined by the film directors' union for putting film credits only at the end of the original Star Wars film. After paying the fine, he left the organization.
In 1969, George married film editor Marcia Lou Griffin, who won an Oscar for her editing work on the original Star Wars film. They adopted a daughter, Amanda Lucas, in 1981 and divorced in 1983. Lucas later adopted two more children as a single parent: daughter Katie Lucas, born in 1988, and son Jett Lucas, born in 1993. Their three oldest children appeared in the three Star Wars prequels, as did Lucas himself. After their divorce, Lucas had a relationship with singer Linda Ronstadt in the 1980s. In 2006, he began a romance with businesswoman Mellody Hobson, president of Ariel Investments and chairman of the board of directors of DreamWorks Animation, in 2006. Lucas and Hobson announced their engagement in January 2013, and on June 22, 2013, the two were married at Lucas' Skywalker Ranch in Marin County, California. The couple has a