Coup d'etat in Sudan in 2021


December 8, 2021

The 2021 coup in Sudan took place on October 25 in Khartoum, interrupting the process of democratic transition begun in 2019. The Sudanese army detained dozens of government officials and politicians, civilian leaders and Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok himself. , announced the dissolution of the transitional government. The leader of the coupists, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, military leader of the Sovereign Council, announced the dissolution of the Council of Ministers and the Sovereign Council itself and declared a state of emergency. Civil society organizations called for street demonstrations to defend the transition, a brutal crackdown left at least 41 one dead. An attempted coup took place as early as September 2021. On November 21, military leader al-Burdan signed a 14-point agreement with Abdalla Hamdok, who reassumed the post of prime minister. All other political prisoners were released. Protests against the agreement with the military immediately followed, the repression caused the death of a 16 year old, by security forces in Omdurman.Two days after the restoration, 23 November, twelve ministers of state, who were part of the government of Abdalla Hamdok's transition before the coup, they resigned their posts in protest against the agreement with the military council.


The Sudanese military entered the transition and power-sharing agreement with reluctance, largely motivated by pressure from international and regional bodies. The relationship between the military and civilian wing began to deteriorate significantly in early 2021, when the unwillingness of military leaders intensified in the face of what they described as an incompetence on the part of the civilian wing to restructure the state and guarantee the effectiveness of institutions. The economic situation was also an effect, given that although Abdalla Hamdok's government made advances in economic indicators at the beginning, the covid-19 pandemic and the failure of Arab and Western governments to fulfill their aid promises prevented of the dysfunctions inherited by the regime of Omar al-Bashir. Large protests took place in eastern Sudan in September, demonstrating popular discontent with the economic crisis and the direction of the government.

Attempted coup in Sudan in September 2021

Although it did not threaten the existing order and was easily disarmed, the coup proved a fuel for tension between the civilian wing and the military wing of the Sudanese government, both began to use the incident to increase their respective political capitals and delegitimize the another - the civil wing used the event as a demonstration of the military's lack of commitment to a real democratic transition, while the military turned the case into proof of the failure of civilians to carry out a transitional government. The attempted coup thus weakened the national consensus around the transition process. Demonstrations called by the civil wing of the Sovereign Council against the threat of a military regime managed to mobilize around twenty thousand people, putting pressure on the military. Minister Abdalla Hamdok took the opportunity to press for a restructuring of the military and security forces. The reform proposal increased military discontent, fearful of losing its autonomy and economic privileges.


The coup took place on the beginning of October 25, 2021. The country's military forces, led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, took control of the government, ended the transitional national agreement, dissolved the Sovereign Council of Sudan, denying the government and starting a broad campaign of arrests, including then Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.

International reaction

The coup caused immediate condemnations by western states, mainly the states

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