coffee history

Article

January 27, 2022

The history of coffee began in the 7th century. Coffee is originally from the Ethiopian highlands (possibly with crops in Sudan and Kenya) transported by the Moors to Egypt and Europe. But, contrary to what is believed, the word "coffee" does not originate from Kaffa - the plant's place of origin -, but from the Arabic word qahwa, which means "wine" (قهوة), due to the importance that the plant has passed to have for the Arab world. Legend has it that a shepherd named Kaldi observed that his goats became smarter when eating the leaves and fruits of the coffee tree. He tasted the fruits and felt greater vivacity. A monk from the region, informed about the fact, began to use an infusion of fruits to resist sleep while praying. It seems that African tribes, who knew coffee since antiquity, ground its beans and made a paste used to feed animals. and increase the forces of the warriors. Its cultivation first spread to Arabia, probably introduced by prisoners of war, where it became popular taking advantage of the dry law on the part of Islam. Yemen was an important cultivation center, from where it spread to the rest of the Arab World. Knowledge of the effects of the drink spread and in the 16th century coffee was used in the East, being roasted for the first time in Persia. Arabic original قهوة). While in the Ottoman Turkish language it was known as kahve, whose original meaning was also "wine". The classification Coffea arabica was given by the naturalist Linnaeus. Coffee, however, had enemies even among the Arabs, who considered its properties contrary to the laws of the Prophet Muhammad. However, coffee soon overcame these resistances and even the Mohammedan doctors adhered to the drink to favor digestion, brighten the spirit and ward off sleep, according to the writers of the time.

Dissemination of production and consumption

In 1475, the first coffee shop appears in Constantinople, a product that, to spread throughout the world, benefited, first, from the expansion of Islam and, in a second phase, from the development of business provided by the discoveries. Around 1570, coffee was introduced in Venice, Italy, but the drink, considered Mohammedan, was forbidden to Christians and was only released after Pope Clement VIII tasted the coffee. In England, in 1652, the first house of coffee from western Europe, followed by Italy two years later. In 1672 it was up to Paris to inaugurate its first coffee house. It was precisely in France that, for the first time, sugar was added to coffee, which happened during the reign of Louis XIV, who had been offered a coffee tree in 1713. In its pilgrimage around the world, coffee arrived in Java, later reaching the Netherlands and, thanks to the dynamism of the Dutch maritime trade carried out by the West India Company, coffee was introduced in the New World, spreading in the Guianas, Martinique, Santo Domingo. , Puerto Rico and Cuba. Gabriel Mathien de Clieu, a French officer, was the one who brought the first grains to America.

Coffee plantations in Brazil

In 1727, sergeant-major Francisco de Melo Palheta, at the request of the governor of the state of Grão-Pará, set out on a mission to obtain coffee seedlings, a product that already had great commercial value. For this, he made a trip to French Guiana and there he approached the wife of the governor of the capital Cayenne. Having won her trust, he obtained from her a seedling of Arabica coffee, which was brought clandestinely to Brazil. From the first plantations in the North Region, more specifically in the state of Pará, in a small town near Belém, the seedlings were used for planting in Maranhão and Bahia, in the Northeast Region. between 1800 and 1850, attempts were made to

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