December 8, 2021
Jesus (Aramaic: ישוע/ יֵשׁוּעַ; Romanz.: Yeshua; Greek: Ἰησοῦς; Romanz.: Iesous), also called Jesus of Nazareth (b. 7–2 BC – d. 30–33 AD) was a preacher and leader first century Jewish religious. He is the central figure of Christianity and the one whom the teachings of most Christian denominations, in addition to Messianic Jews, consider to be the Son of God. Christianity and Messianic Judaism regard Jesus as the awaited Messiah in the Old Testament and refer to him as Jesus Christ, a name also used outside the Christian context. Virtually all contemporary scholars agree that Jesus actually existed, although there is no consensus on the historical reliability of the gospels and how close the biblical Jesus is to the historical Jesus. Most scholars agree that Jesus was a Jewish preacher from Galilee, baptized by John the Baptist, and crucified by order of the Roman governor Pontius Pilate. Scholars have constructed several profiles of the historical Jesus, which often portray him in one or more of the following roles: the leader of an apocalyptic movement, the Messiah, a charismatic healer, a sage and philosopher, or an egalitarian reformer. Research has been comparing New Testament testimonies with historical records outside the Christian context in order to determine the chronology of Jesus' life. Almost all Christian lines believe that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, was born of a virgin, performed miracles, founded the Church, died crucified as a form of atonement, rose from the dead, and ascended to Heaven from which he will return. The vast majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, the second of three persons in the Holy Trinity. Some Christian groups reject the Trinity, in whole or in part. In the Islamic context, Jesus (transliterated as Isa) is considered one of the most important prophets of God and the Messiah. For Muslims, Jesus was the one who brought the scriptures and is the son of a virgin, but he is not divine, nor was he a victim of crucifixion. Judaism rejects the belief that Jesus is the awaited Messiah, arguing that it does not correspond to the Tanakh's messianic prophecies.