Jesus

Article

December 8, 2021

Jesus (Aramaic: ישוע/ יֵשׁוּעַ; Romanz.: Yeshua; Greek: Ἰησοῦς; Romanz.: Iesous), also called Jesus of Nazareth (b. 7–2 BC – d. 30–33 AD) was a preacher and leader first century Jewish religious. He is the central figure of Christianity and the one whom the teachings of most Christian denominations, in addition to Messianic Jews, consider to be the Son of God. Christianity and Messianic Judaism regard Jesus as the awaited Messiah in the Old Testament and refer to him as Jesus Christ, a name also used outside the Christian context. Virtually all contemporary scholars agree that Jesus actually existed, although there is no consensus on the historical reliability of the gospels and how close the biblical Jesus is to the historical Jesus. Most scholars agree that Jesus was a Jewish preacher from Galilee, baptized by John the Baptist, and crucified by order of the Roman governor Pontius Pilate. Scholars have constructed several profiles of the historical Jesus, which often portray him in one or more of the following roles: the leader of an apocalyptic movement, the Messiah, a charismatic healer, a sage and philosopher, or an egalitarian reformer. Research has been comparing New Testament testimonies with historical records outside the Christian context in order to determine the chronology of Jesus' life. Almost all Christian lines believe that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, was born of a virgin, performed miracles, founded the Church, died crucified as a form of atonement, rose from the dead, and ascended to Heaven from which he will return. The vast majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, the second of three persons in the Holy Trinity. Some Christian groups reject the Trinity, in whole or in part. In the Islamic context, Jesus (transliterated as Isa) is considered one of the most important prophets of God and the Messiah. For Muslims, Jesus was the one who brought the scriptures and is the son of a virgin, but he is not divine, nor was he a victim of crucifixion. Judaism rejects the belief that Jesus is the awaited Messiah, arguing that it does not correspond to the Tanakh's messianic prophecies.

Etymology

A Jew contemporary of Jesus had a single name, sometimes supplemented with the name of the father or city of origin. Throughout the New Testament, Jesus is called "Jesus of Nazareth" (Matthew 26:71), "Son of Joseph" (Luke 4:22), or "Jesus the son of Joseph of Nazareth" (John 1:45). However, in Mark 6:3, instead of being called "the son of Joseph", he is referred to as "the son of Mary and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas, and Simon." The name "Jesus", common in many modern languages, is derived from the Latin "Iesus", a transliteration of the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Iesous). The Greek form is a translation of the Aramaic ישוע‎ (Yeshua), which derives from the Hebrew יהושע‎ (Yehoshua). Apparently, the name Yeshua was used in Judea at the time of Jesus' birth. The texts of the historian Flavius ​​Josephus, written during the first century in Hellenistic Greek, the same language as the New Testament, mention at least twenty different people with the name Jesus (i.e. Ἰησοῦς). The etymology of the name of Jesus in the New Testament context is generally indicated as "Yahweh is salvation". Since the beginning of Christianity, Christians have referred to Jesus as "Jesus Christ". The word Christ comes from the Greek Χριστός (Christos), which is a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Masiah), which means "the anointed one" and is generally translated as Messiah. Jesus is called by Christians "Christ" since they believe he is the awaited Messiah, prophesied in the Hebrew Bible. Although it was originally a title, over the centuries the term “Christ” has been associated with a nickname – part of “Jes

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