United States Chief Judge

Article

May 29, 2022

The Chief Justice of the United States is the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court and the highest official of the US federal judiciary. Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution grants plenary power to the President of the United States to appoint, and with the advice and consent of the United States Senate, appoint "Judges of the Supreme Court", who serve until they resign, withdraw, be impeached and condemned, or die. The existence of a chief justice is made explicit in Article 1, Section 3, Clause 6 which states that the chief justice shall preside over the president's impeachment trial. The chief justice has significant influence in the selection of cases for review, presides when oral arguments are made, and leads the discussion of cases among judges. Furthermore, when the court pronounces, the chief justice, if in the majority, chooses who writes the court's opinion. In deciding a case, however, the chief justice's vote counts no more than any other justice. Article I, Section 3, Clause 6 designates the chief justice to preside during presidential impeachment trials in the Senate; this happened three times. Although nowhere required, the presidential oath of office is traditionally typically administered by the chief justice. The chief justice serves as the spokesperson for the judiciary of the federal government and serves as the administrative director of the federal courts. The chief justice presides over the Judicial Conference and, in this capacity, appoints the director and deputy director of the Administrative Office. The Chief Justice is a former member of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution and, by custom, is elected Chancellor of the Board. Since the Supreme Court was created in 1789, 17 people have served as chief justice, starting with John Jay (1789-1795). The current Chief Justice is John Roberts (since 2005). Five of the 17 chief justices, John Rutledge, Edward Douglass White, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan Fiske Ston and William Rehnquist, served as associate judges before becoming chief justices.

List of Chief Judges

References

External links

Official website of the Supreme Court of the United States (in English)