List of New York governors


May 29, 2022

The Governor of New York is the head of the executive branch of the government of the state of New York and the commander in chief of the state's National Guard. The governor has the duty to enforce state laws, convene the New York legislature, the power to pass or veto bills passed by the legislature, and to grant pardons except in cases of treason and impeachment. Fifty-six people served as governor, four of whom served non-consecutive terms (George Clinton, DeWitt Clinton, Horatio Seymour and Al Smith); official numbering only lists each governor once; therefore, there were officially 56 governors. There was no governor. This numbering includes an incumbent governor: the lieutenant governor who filled the vacancy after the then governor resigned under the 1777 Constitution. The list does not include those who served as governor when the governor was out of state, such as the vice -Governor Timothy L. Woodruff during Theodore Roosevelt's vice presidential campaign in 1900, or Acting President of the New York State Assembly Moses M. Weinstein, who served as governor for 10 days in 1968 while the governor, vice Governor and Senate Majority Leader were out of state, attending the Republican National Convention in Miami. Four men became President of the United States after serving as Governor of New York: Martin Van Buren, Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, and Franklin D Roosevelt, and six were Vice President of the United States. Van Buren and Theodore Roosevelt held both positions. Two governors were the chief justice of the United States: John Jay held the position when he was elected governor in 1795, and Charles Evans Hughes became chief justice in 1930, two decades after leaving the government. The governor who served the most was the first, George Clinton, who took office on July 30, 1777 and served seven terms in two different terms, totaling almost 21 years in office. Since 18 of those years were consecutive, Clinton also served the longest consecutive term as governor of New York. Charles Poletti had the shortest term, serving 29 days after the resignation of the previous governor, Herbert H. Lehman, in 1942. The current governor is Democrat Kathy Hochul, who took office on August 24, 2021.


New York was one of the original thirteen colonies on the east coast of North America and was admitted as a state on July 26, 1788. Before declaring its independence, New York was a colony of the Kingdom of Great Britain, as a colony of New Holland. it was commanded by the colonial governors and directors-general of Nova Holanda in the pre-state period. The governor's office was established by New York's first Constitution in 1777. The governor originally served a three-year term, although the constitution did not specify when the term began. A 1787 law established the beginning of the term on July 1. The New York State Constitutional Convention of 1821 amended the state constitution, reducing the term to two years and moving the election to November, thus changing the beginning and end of the period to coincide with the calendar year. An 1874 amendment extended the term back to three years, but the 1894 constitution again reduced it to two years. The most recent New York Constitution of 1938 extended the term to the current four years. There is no limit to the number of consecutive terms a governor can serve. The Constitution has provided since 1777 for the election of a lieutenant governor of New York for the same term (keeping the same terms as the governor during all constitutional revisions). Originally, in the event of the governor's death, resignation, or impeachment, the lieutenant governor would become acting governor until the end of the annual legislative term, with