Münster or, in its Portuguese form, Monastery, is a city in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state, and is considered the cultural center of the Westphalia region.
Münster is an independent city (kreisfreie Stadt) or urban district (Stadtkreis), i.e. it has district status (Kreis).
The city has a university character. A high percentage of the population consists of university students. The University of Münster (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, WWU) is the fourth largest and one of the oldest in Germany.
The name Münster is derived from the word monasterium (monastery in Latin), in reference to the monastery founded in the year 793 (AD). The city is also known in Germany as the "City of Bicycles" with more than 500,000 bicycles (about 1.6 bicycles per inhabitant).
Peace of Westphalia
The so-called "Peace of Westphalia" (Westfälische Friede) took place around 1648. It is a series of peace treaties that ended the 30 Years' War and the 80 Years' War, both of which took place in Europe. Most of the negotiations took place in the city of Münster and some ended in the city of Osnabrück as well. The "Peace of Westphalia" had a great impact on European history and is also considered one of the first diplomatic acts of Europe (and the world). In honor of the event Münster (as well as Osnabrück) was also known by the nickname "City of Peace".
Among the multicultural aspects of the city of Münster, there is a peculiarity: the Portuguese population has a relatively high percentage in the city. Of the 280 thousand inhabitants, 2 thousand have Portuguese nationality. Because of the fact that there are so many Portuguese (and Portuguese-descendants) in Münster, there are several Portuguese places, such as: the CPM (Portuguese Center of Münster), Clube Juventude, Casa do Benfica, Sporting de Münster, Missão Portuguesa , Peniche Restaurant, Lisbon Nights, Além-Mar to Portugal Plus and Portuguiesisch Specialität stores, Café Pastelaria Impeto.
Münster has partnerships with the following cities:
York in the UK, since 1958
Orleans in France, since 1960
Kristiansand in Norway, since 1967
Monastir in Tunisia, since 1969
Rishon-Le-Zion in Israel, since 1981
Fresno in the USA, since 1986
Rjasan in Russia, since 1989
Mühlhausen in Thuringia (Germany), since 1990
Lublin in Poland, since 1991"Friendly cities":
Braniewo in Poland since 1954
Beaugency in France, since 1974
Bishop Clemens August von Galen, known as «the Lion of Münster»
Mother Maria of the Divine Heart, Countess Droste zu Vischering
Alphaville (band), Famous band from the 80's
Wilhelm Emmanuel von Ketteler, Catholic Bishop
Heinrich Brüning, German Chancellor during the Weimar Republic
Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller, historian
Günther Jauch, television presenter
Ute Lemper, singer, dancer and actress
Tanita Tikaram, singer
Franka Potente, actress
Kathrin Bringmann, math expert in number theory
Fabian Wegmann, professional cyclist
Julius Brink, beach volleyball player
Dieter Gieseler, professional cyclist, Track cycling
Linus Gerdemann, professional cyclist
Bernhard Knubel, cyclist, participated in the first Olympic Games of the modern era in 1896
Christian Pander, football winger
Peter Hegemann, biophysicist
Jürgen Jost, mathematician, specialist in geometry since 1996 director of the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in Science in Leipzig
Ingrid Klimke, rider, two-time Olympic champion of the Complete Competition in Riding (CCE) by teams, world champion and two-time European champion
Reiner Klimke, dressage, Olympic champion with six gold medals and two bronzes
Alexander von Kluck, military, general, World War I
Carl Schuhmann, athlete, 1896 Athens Olympics, four medals or