December 8, 2021

Mary (Hebrew: מִרְיָם; Romanis.: Miriam; Aramaic: Maryām; Arabic: مريم; Romanis.: Maryam; Koine Greek: Μαριας or Μαριαμ), also known as Mary of Nazareth and called by Catholics and Orthodox the Virgin Mary, of the Blessed Virgin and Our Lady, was the Israelite woman of Nazareth, identified in the New Testament and in the Koran as the mother of Jesus through divine intervention. Jesus is seen as the messiah—the Christ—in both traditions, giving rise to the common name of Jesus Christ. Mary would have lived in Galilee at the end of the 1st century BC and beginning of the 1st century AD, she is considered by Christians as the first adherent to Christianity. The canonical gospels of St. Matthew and St. Luke describe Mary as a virgin (Greek: παρθένος; parthenos). Traditionally, Christians believe that she miraculously conceived her child through the action of the Holy Spirit. Muslims believe that she conceived by the command of God. This occurred when she was engaged to Joseph and awaiting the wedding rite, which would make the union formal. She married Joseph and accompanied him to Bethlehem, where Jesus was born. According to Jewish custom, the betrothal would have occurred when she was about 12 years old, the birth of Jesus took place about a year later. The New Testament begins its account of Mary's life with the annunciation when the angel Gabriel appeared to her announcing that God chose her to be the mother of Jesus. Church tradition and canonical apocrypha assert that Mary's parents were an elderly couple, St. Joachim and St. Anne. The Bible records Mary's role in important events in Jesus' life, from his birth to his ascension. The canonical apocrypha speak of his death and subsequent assumption into heaven. Christians in the Catholic Church, the Orthodox Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Anglican Church and the Lutheran Church believe that Mary, as the mother of Jesus, is the Mother of God (Μήτηρ Θεοῦ) and the Theotocus, literally the Bringer of God. Mary has been venerated from the beginning of Christianity. Over the centuries it has been a favorite subject of Christian art, music and literature. There is significant diversity in Marian devotional beliefs and practices among the great Christian traditions. The Catholic Church has a number of Marian dogmas, such as the Immaculate Conception of Mary and the Assumption of Mary. Catholics refer to her as Our Lady and venerate her as the Queen of Heaven and Mother of the Church, based on the fact that she was the mother of Jesus who, according to Christian Dogmas, is God. However, other groups that believe in the deity of Christ, such as most Protestants, do not share these beliefs, giving her a minimal role within Christianity because of the few biblical references to her life.

In old fonts

In the New Testament

The name "Mary" comes from the Greek Μαρίας. The New Testament name was based on her original Aramaic name Maryām. Both Μαρίας and Μαριάμ appear in the New Testament. Mary, the mother of Jesus, is called by name about twenty times in the New Testament.

Specific references

Luke's Gospel mentions Mary frequently in relation to the other Gospels, identifying her by name twelve times, all of them in the infancy narrative (Luke 1:27,30,34,38,39,41,46,56, Luke 2: 5,16,19,34). The Gospel of Matthew mentions her name five times, four of them (Matthew 1:16,18,20, Matthew 2:11) in the infancy narrative and only once (Matthew 13:55) outside the infancy narrative. The Gospel of Mark quotes Mary only once (Mark 6:3) and mentions her as the mother of Jesus, without naming her, in Mark 3:31. The Gospel of John refers to her twice and describes her as the mother of Jesus, but does not mention her by name. She is seen for the first time at the wedding in Cana da Galil

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