Marilyn Monroe

Article

August 12, 2022

Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 4, 1962) was an American actress, model, and singer. As a Hollywood movie star, she is one of the greatest sex symbols of the 20th century, immortalized by her blonde hair and voluptuous form. Initially, she became famous for playing comedic characters, becoming successful in cinema. Though her career spanned only a decade, her films grossed over $200 million until her unexpected death in 1962. Six decades after her death, she remains considered one of popular culture's greatest icons. Born and raised in Los Angeles, Marilyn spent most of her childhood in foster homes and an orphanage, in addition to marrying for the first time at just sixteen years old. In 1944, she was working for an aviation company that manufactured drones for use in World War II, when she met a photographer from the First Motion Picture Unit and began a remarkable career as a pin-up model, which helped her secure contracts for short films. footage promoted by 20th Century Fox (1946–1947) and Columbia Pictures (1948). After a string of small film roles, she signed a new contract with Fox. She quickly became a popular actress with roles in several comedies, including Always Young (1951) and The Inventor of Youth (1952), in addition to the dramas Just a Woman Sins (1952) and Desperate Souls (1952). At this time, Marilyn caused a scandal when it was discovered that she had posed for nude photos before becoming an actress, but this ended up increasing the public's interest in her films even more. By 1953, Marilyn was one of Hollywood's most successful stars, starring in three films; the noir Torrents of Passion, which highlighted her sex appeal, and the comedies Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and How to Catch a Millionaire. Although she played an important role in creating and managing her own public image, she was disappointed that her work was not appreciated by the studio. She was briefly suspended in early 1954 for turning down a film project, but returned to star in one of the biggest blockbusters of her career, O Pecado Mora ao Lado (1955). When the studio was still reluctant to modify the terms of her contract, Marilyn founded her own film production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions (MMP). Seeking to improve her performance as an actress, she began studying acting at the Actors Studio. Shortly thereafter, Fox signed a new contract, which brought him more control over his career, and a pay raise. After her critically acclaimed performance in Never Been a Saint (1956), and starring in MMP's first independent production, The Prince and the Showgirl (1957), she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress for Some Like It Hot (1959) . His last full-length film was the drama The Misfits (1961). Marilyn Monroe's troubled private life has always been of great interest; during her career, she struggled with addiction, depression and anxiety. In addition, she had two high-profile marriages: baseball player Joe DiMaggio and playwright Arthur Miller, both of which ended in divorce. The actress also sparked controversy for being considered as the lover of the then President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, although nothing has been proven. She died at age 36 of an overdose of barbiturates at her home in Los Angeles on August 5, 1962. Although the death is ruled to be a probable suicide, several conspiracy theories have emerged about a possible murder.

Life and career

Childhood and first marriage (1926–1944)

Marilyn Monroe was registered as Norma Jeane Mortenson on June 1, 1926, the third child of Gladys Pearl Monroe (1902–1984). Monroe's older brothers were Robert (