October 19, 2021
Moldova or Moldova (Republic of Moldova; formally Republic of Moldova, in Romanian: Republica Moldova; pronounced: [reˈpublika molˈdova] (listen )) is a landlocked country in eastern Europe, bordering Ukraine and Romania (by the Romanian region also called "Moldova"). Its capital and largest city is Quixinau (Romanian: Chișinău). In 1991, the then Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova declared independence from the Soviet Union, during the process of dissolution of the USSR. Only one region that belonged to the extinct Soviet Republic of Moldova, refused to integrate the new "Republic of Moldova": the region known as Transnistria (a small territorial strip located east of the Dniester River) preferred to declare its own independence, and from In fact, it has governed autonomously since the 1990s, although it is currently recognized by all UN member countries as an integral part of Moldova. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the relative weight of the service sector in Moldova's economy has grown and started to dominate its Gross Domestic Product (today around 62.5%) as a result of a decrease in the weight of its industry and agriculture. However, the country is still the poorest in Europe and the country in the region with the lowest Human Development Index (HDI). Moldova is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. The country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the GUAM — Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, the Community of Independent States (CIS), the Organization for Black Sea Economic Cooperation (OCEMN), among other international organisations. The country intends to become a member of the European Union, and has already implemented the first three-year Action Plan, in the context of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP).