Wreck of the RMS Titanic

Article

October 19, 2021

The sinking of the RMS Titanic occurred between the night of April 14 and the morning of April 15, 1912 in the North Atlantic, four days after the start of its maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to New York City, in the United States. The Titanic was the largest passenger ship in service at the time, had 2208 people on board when it hit an iceberg around 11:40 pm (ship time) on Sunday, April 14, 1912. The wreck happened two hours and forty minutes later, at 2:20 am (5:18 GMT) on Monday, April 15, resulting in the deaths of 1,496 people, making it one of the deadliest maritime disasters. The Titanic received six sea ice warnings on April 14, but was close to full speed when its lookouts spotted the iceberg. Officer William Murdoch ordered him to turn the full helm to starboard in an attempt to dodge the iceberg but without success as the ship collided with the iceberg, probably damaging six or seven watertight compartments. The Titanic was designed to float with four of its watertight forward compartments flooded, no more than that, and Thomas Andrews, the chief designer, soon realized that the ship was going to sink. The crew used beacons and radiotelegraphy messages to seek help while passengers were loaded into lifeboats. In accordance with existing practice, the Titanic's lifeboat system is designed to transport passengers to nearby rescue vessels, not to have everyone on board a boat simultaneously; therefore, with the ship sinking rapidly and aid still far away, there was no safe haven for many of the passengers and crew. With that and with poor evacuation management, many boats were launched before they were completely filled. So when the Titanic sank, more than a thousand passengers and crew were still on board. Almost everyone who jumped or fell into the water sank or died within minutes from the effects of hypothermia. The British passenger ship Carpathia logged the Titanic's distress calls as it sailed some 93 km away. She veered off course and arrived at the scene around an hour and a half after the wreck, rescuing the last survivors around 9:15 am on April 15, nearly nine and a half hours after the collision. The disaster caused widespread outrage at the lack of lifeboats, lax regulations and the unequal treatment of the three classes of passengers during the evacuation. Subsequent inquiries recommended radical changes in maritime regulations, leading to the establishment in 1914 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), which still regulates maritime safety today.

History

At the time of its entry into service on April 2, 1912, the Royal Mail Ship (RMS) Titanic was the second of three sister ships in the Olympic Class, and was the largest ship in the world. He and her brother the RMS Olympic were almost one and a half times the gross tonnage of the Cunard RMS Lusitania and RMS Mauretania vessels, the previous record holders, and were almost 30 meters longer. The Titanic could carry 3,547 people with speed and comfort, and was built on a scale hitherto unprecedented. Its piston engines were the largest ever built, reaching 12 meters in height and with cylinders 2.70 meters in diameter requiring the burning of 610 tons of coal per day. Its passenger accommodations, especially those in the First Class section of the ship , were rated "of incomparable breadth and magnificence," suggested by the rates that First Class accommodations required. The Parlor Suites (the ship's most expensive and most luxurious suites) with a private promenade deck cost $4,350 (equivalent to $107,955 in 2016) for one ticket.

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