New York

Article

January 26, 2022

New York (also referred to as New York), officially New York City, is the most populous city in the state of New York and the United States. Its metropolitan area is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world and is also the third most populous city in America, behind São Paulo and Mexico City. The city has a significant impact on commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education and entertainment across the planet. New York is home to the headquarters of the United Nations (UN), being an important center for international affairs and widely regarded as the cultural capital of the world. Located in one of the largest natural harbors in the world, the city is made up of five boroughs: Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island. With a population of over 8.8 million, spread over a land area of ​​just 778 km², New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States and the second most densely populated city in the state of New York. With around 800 different languages ​​spoken in its territory, New York is the most linguistically diverse city in the world. The population of Metropolitan New York is the largest in the United States, estimated at about 18.9 million people spread over about 17,400 km². New York has its roots in its founding in 1624 as a trading post by settlers. Dutch, being named New Amsterdam in 1626. The city and its surroundings were taken by the Kingdom of England in 1664, becoming part of the British Empire, and its name being changed to New York, after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the then Duke of York (future King James II of England). New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 to 1790, having been the largest city in the country since 1790. The Statue of Liberty welcomed millions of immigrants who came to America by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The city is generally considered one of the most important centers of world diplomacy. Along with Geneva (ICRC and UN European headquarters), Basel (Bank for International Settlements) and Strasbourg (Council of Europe), New York is one of the few cities in the world that is home to one of the most important international organizations, without being the capital of a country. Many districts and landmarks in New York have become well-known thanks to its nearly 50 million annual visitors. Times Square, called "the crossroads of the world", is the illuminated region where the famous Broadway theaters are concentrated, being one of the busiest pedestrian crossings in the world and an important center of the world's entertainment industry. The city is home to some of the most renowned bridges, skyscrapers and parks in the world. New York's financial district, anchored by Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, acts as one of the world's largest financial centers, and is home to the New York Stock Exchange, the largest stock exchange on the planet by total market capitalization. of your listed companies. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most valued and expensive in the world. Manhattan's Chinatown, Manhattan embodies the largest concentration of Chinese in the West. Unlike most subway systems in the world, the New York Underground is designed to provide 24/7 service. Numerous colleges and universities are located in the city, including Columbia University, New York University and Rockefeller University, which are ranked among the top 100 in the world.

Etymology

In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York, who would go on to become King James II of England. The older brother

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