December 8, 2021
The Moscow (Brazilian Portuguese) or Moscow (European Portuguese) oblast (Russian: Моско́вская о́бласть, tr. Moskóvskaia óblast; IPA: [mɐˈskofskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ]) is a federal division of Russia, created in 1929. The central organs of its government are located in Moscow and in various locations in the oblast, particularly in Krasnogorsk. Its territory completely surrounds the federal capital Moscow, which is administratively treated as a separate department from the oblast. The oblast borders Tver Oblast to the northwest, Yaroslavl Oblast to the north, Vladimir Oblast to the northeast and east, Ryazan Oblast to the southeast, Tula Oblast to the south, with the Oblast from Kaluga to the southwest, and with Smolensk Oblast to the west. The largest rivers in the oblast are the Oka, the Moscow, the Kliazma and the Moscow channel. According to the 2010 population census, the oblast had a population of 7,095,120 inhabitants, residing in an area of 46,000 km², making it one of the most densely populated regions in the country and the second most populated of all federal divisions. of Russia. Some of its cities are Dmitrov, Dubna, Friazino, Zhukovsky, Khimki, Klin, Kolomna, Koroliov, Kotelniki, Liubertsy, Mytishchi, Mojaisk, Noginsk, Orekhovo-Zuevo, Podolsk, Ramenskoie, Reutov, Shchiolkovo, Sergiev Pos Voskresensk. Trams run in two cities, Kolomna and Noginsk, and trolleybuses run in three of their cities: Khimki, Podolsk and Vidnoie. In Krasnogorsk there is a Moscow metro station (Miakinino, near the Oblast Ministries Complex and the Moscow Oblast Court). The oblast is highly industrialized, the main sectors being metallurgy, oil refining and mechanical engineering, food, energy and chemicals.