Ohio

Article

July 6, 2022

Ohio (or rarely translated into Portuguese for Oaio) is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the Central-Eastern Region of the country. Ohio is one of the country's main industrial hubs. Located in the center of the Mid-East Region of the United States — the most industrialized region in the country — Ohio has manufacturing as its main source of income. Other important sources of income are finance, coal mining—which helped make Ohio one of the nation's leading industrial powerhouses—agriculture and tourism. The word Ohio, which in the Iroquois language means "Something Big", "Great Waters", "Beautiful River", "Great River" or "Good River", was used by this group of Native Americans to describe the Ohio River. Ohio's nickname is Buckeye State. Buckeye is a tree of the genus Aesculus. Forests composed of trees of the genus Aesculus previously covered the entire state, although much of these forests have been cut down to be used as raw materials in various industries, as well as to make room for agriculture. The State also claims the moniker Mother of Modern Presidents, as seven of the Presidents of the United States were born and raised in the state. This title belongs, however, to Virginia, with a total of eight Presidents. American Presidents who were born in Ohio are Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding. An eighth President, William Henry Harrison, lived in Ohio when he became President. The first European explorers to explore the region were the French. Until 1763, the Ohio region was part of the French colony of New France, then passed to British control. With the independence of the United States in 1783, the United States came to control the region. Ohio became the first territory in the Northwest Territory to be elevated to the status of a state, and the 17th to enter the Union, on March 1, 1803. Westward expansion and the construction of numerous railroads in the State, the discovery of numerous coal deposits and a solid agricultural industry made Ohio by the mid-19th century become a major industrial power. Ulysses S. Grant, an Ohio native, was one of the Union's top leaders during the American Civil War. The rapid industrialization of the State made several native people of the State stand out for their inventions and for their pioneering spirit. Thomas A. Edison was born in Ohio and the Wright Brothers grew up in the state. Another world famous Ohio native is Neil A. Armstrong, the first person to walk on the moon.

History

Up to 1803

Native Americans lived in what is now the state of Ohio about two millennia before the arrival of the first European explorers. The first Native Americans to settle in the region were a prehistoric tribe called the Mound Builders — mound builders, for building small mounds of earth for cultural ceremonies. The mound builders, having settled in the region around 600 BC. would migrate, around 900 AD. towards the southern part of the present-day United States. There are currently about six thousand archaeological remains, among tombs, cemeteries and ritual houses, of mound builders in Ohio. The region would later be occupied by other Native American peoples and tribes such as the Hurons, the Delaware, the Ottawa, the Shawnee, and especially the Iroquois tribes. The Iroquois dominated most of present-day Ohio during the years before the first Europeans arrived in the region. The first European explorer to explore the region that currently constitutes the State of Ohio was the Frenchman René-Robert Cavelier, having explored the region in 1670. Cavelier claimed the entire region to the French crown, and the region