World Health Organization

Article

October 19, 2021

World Health Organization (WHO) is an agency specialized in health, founded on April 7, 1948 and subordinated to the United Nations. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. The Director General has been Ethiopian Tedros Adhanom since July 2017. The WHO has its origins in the wars of the late 19th century (Mexico, Crimea). After World War I, SDN created its hygiene committee, which was the embryo of WHO. According to its constitution, the WHO aims to develop as much as possible the level of health of all peoples. Health being defined in that same document as a "state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not consisting solely of the absence of a disease or infirmity."

Activity

In addition to coordinating international efforts to control disease outbreaks such as malaria and tuberculosis, WHO also sponsors programs to prevent and treat these diseases. WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines, pharmaceutical diagnostics and medicines, such as through the Expanded Program on Immunization. After more than two decades of fighting smallpox, the WHO declared in 1980 that the disease had been eradicated. The first disease in history to be eradicated by human effort. WHO aims to eradicate polio within the next few years. WHO oversees the implementation of the International Health Regulations, and publishes a number of medical classifications, including the International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD), the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI). WHO regularly publishes a World Health Report, including an expert assessment of global health. In addition, WHO conducts various health campaigns - for example, to increase consumption of fruits and vegetables worldwide and discourage use of tobacco. Each year, the organization chooses World Health Day. WHO conducts research in areas of communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases, tropical diseases, and other areas, as well as improving access to health research and literature in developing countries, such as through the HINARI network. The organization draws on the expertise of many world-renowned scientists such as the WHO Expert Committee on Biological Standardization, the WHO Expert Committee on Leprosy and the Study Group on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice. in several countries, in one of them interviewed 308,000 people aged 18, 81 000 people aged 18-50 from 70 countries, known as Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) and the WHO Quality of Life Instrument (WHOQOL ). WHO has also worked on global initiatives such as the Global Initiative for Emergency and Essential Surgical Care and the Guidelines for Essential Trauma Care focused on people's access to surgery. Safe Surgery Saves Lives on patient safety in surgical treatment.

Main publications

World Health Organization Bulletin Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal Human Resources for Health Pan American Journal of Public Health World Health Report

Constitution and history

The WHO Constitution states that its aim "is to achieve for all people the highest attainable standard of health". The flag has the Staff of Asclepius as a symbol for healing. The World Health Organization (WHO) is one of the original agencies of the United Nations, and its formal constitution entered into force on the first World Health Day (7 April 1948), when it was ratified by the 26th Member State. Jawaharlal Nehru, a great freedom fighter from India, gave an opinion to start WHO

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