December 8, 2021
The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland AFI: [ˈneːdərˌlɑnt] (listen ), literally "low country"), informally known as the Netherlands, is a constituent nation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located in western Europe. The country is a democratic parliamentary constitutional monarchy bathed by the North Sea to the north and west, bordering Belgium to the south and Germany to the east. The capital is Amsterdampt or Amsterdambr and the seat of government is in the city of The Hague. Geographically, the Netherlands is a low-lying country, with about 27% of its area and 60% of its population below sea level. A significant part of its territory was obtained through the restoration and preservation of land through an elaborate system of polders and dikes. Much of the Netherlands is formed by a large delta, the delta of the Rhine and Meuse. The Netherlands is a densely populated country that is known for its windmills, tulips, clogs, Delft pottery, gouda cheese, visual artists, bicycles, and furthermore traditional values and civil virtues such as its social tolerance , having become known for his liberal policy towards drugs, prostitution, euthanasia and abortion. It is one of the countries with the best quality of life in the world, which is why it has one of the best Human Development Indexes in Europe and the world, segmented in its strong social assistance policy and essential rights, such as education, health and quality safety , guaranteed at the maximum level to its inhabitants. The country has one of the freest capitalist economies in the world — 13th out of 180 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom in 2019.Among other affiliations, the country is a founding member of the European Union (EU), NATO, OECD, and signed the Kyoto Protocol. Along with Belgium and Luxembourg, the country forms the Benelux Economic Union. The country is home to five international tribunals: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court for the former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Court for Lebanon. The first four are located in The Hague as is the headquarters of the EU criminal information agency, Europol. This led to the city being dubbed the "judicial capital of the world".