July 6, 2022

Paris (French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] (listen)) is the capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population in 2020 of 2,148,271 inhabitants in an area of ​​105 square kilometers. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of the main centers of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science and the arts in Europe. The city of Paris is the center and seat of government of the Île-de-France administrative region, which has an estimated population in 2020 of 12,278,210 inhabitants, or about 18% of the population of France. In 2017, the Paris region had a GDP of 709 billion euros. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit's Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, behind only Singapore and ahead of Zurich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. For its considerable political and economic role, Paris is also an important city in world history. Its position at a crossroads between land and river trade routes in the heart of a rich agricultural region made it one of the main French cities throughout the 10th century, benefiting from royal palaces, rich abbeys and a cathedral. During the 12th century, it became one of the first European centers of teaching and art. The economic and political importance of Paris was reinforced when the Kings of France and the court settled in the city. Thus, Paris became one of the most important cities in the entire western world, the capital of the greatest European political power (17th century), the cultural center of Europe (18th century) and the capital of art and leisure (19th century). .Paris is the economic and commercial capital of France, where the stock exchange and finance businesses are concentrated. The density of its rail and road network and its airport structure — a hub for the French and European air network — make it a point of convergence for international transport. The city is home to two international airports: Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, the second busiest airport in Europe, and Paris-Orly Airport. Opened in 1900, the city's Metro, the Paris Metro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily; it is the second busiest metro system in Europe, surpassed by the Moscow metro. Gare du Nord is the 24th busiest railway station in the world, but the first located outside Japan, with 262 million passengers in 2015. In 2018, Paris received 16.8 million tourists, making it the eighth most visited city in the world that year, as well as Europe's second city after London. Paris Saint-Germain football club and Stade Français rugby club are based in Paris. The 81,000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located north of the city, in the neighboring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris annually organizes the Grand Slam tennis tournament. It hosted the 1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics, and is expected to host the 2024. Paris was also the host city for the 1938 and 1998 FIFA World Cups, the 2007 Rugby Union World Cup and the European Football Championship in 1960, 1984 and 2016. The Tour de France road cycling competition ends in Paris every July.


Paris owes its name to the Parisians, a Gallic people who inhabited the region before the arrival of the Romans. After conquering them, the Romans renamed their settlement "Lutetia of the Parisians" (Latin: Lutetia Parisiorum). During the 9th century, this name gradually gave way to the current name. The Parisians have also lent their name to some other villages in the region, such as Villeparisis, Cormeilles-en-Parisis, and Fontenay-en-Parisis. Paris is often called the "city of lights" (La Ville Lumière), both because of his leadership role during the Age of Enlightenment the more literally