Federalist Party (United States)
May 29, 2022
The Federalist Party was a political party of the early decades of the United States, active from 1792 to 1816. It was created during the first Washington administration (1789-1793) to support the fiscal policy of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, being the party in favor of a a strong federal state, a light constitution, and a more mercantile, that is, less agricultural, economy. Its first leaders were John Adams and Alexander Hamilton, but its great reference is George Washington. Among all its members who exercised the greatest long-term influence was the Chief Justice of the United States of America, John Marshall. He was opposed to the Democratic-Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. From 1793 to 1815, which covers most of the period in which the party existed, France and the United Kingdom (as the United Kingdom of Great Britain until 1801) were protagonists of serious conflicts: the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. These conflicts continually threatened North America, and the two political parties differed in their attitude from their protagonists. The Federalists admired and favored the United Kingdom, and the Democrat-Republicans opposed the British monarchy and supported republican France (until Napoleon's inauguration as Emperor in 1804). After 1804 the Republicans continued to oppose the United Kingdom but were more hostile to France because of Napoleon's rejection of republicanism. The Federalists headed the government throughout the 1790s, and in 1798 they prepared the country for the potential battle with France. A naval war called a quasi-war emerged, without land combat. The Democrat-Republicans vigorously opposed the Federalists' warmongering projects and managed to win Congress and the presidency in the election of 1800. The Federalists withdrew to their New England electoral strongholds until the War of 1812 provoked sufficient opposition to the policy. of the Republicans. But the Federalists did not know how to maintain the advantage and the electoral results declined a little everywhere until the end of the war in 1815.