December 8, 2021
Peru is the common name given to the Galliform birds of the genus Meleagris. One species, Meleagris gallopavo, commonly known as wild turkey, is native to the forests of North America. The domesticated turkey is descended from this species. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or ocelated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. There are several extinct species with ages up to 23 million years old. with wild and domesticated variants, originating in North America and related to pheasants. The name Peru probably has its origins in the toponym Peru, as it is believed in the 16th century that it was from there that the bird was exported to Portugal; moreover, in sixteenth-century Portugal, according to José Pedro Machado, the fame of turkey was such that, metonymically, among the Portuguese, it came to mean Spanish America. A turkey is a bird that feeds on grains and insects. Both male and female have their head and neck uncovered with feathers. Their feathers are usually black, brown or even lighter in color. Only the male has a fleshy appendage over the beak called a caruncle. They measure up to 1.17 m in height. Originating in North America, it was brought to Europe in 1511. The wild turkey was first domesticated in Mexico over a thousand years ago, but by the beginning of the 20th century, it had disappeared from much of the United States. In recent years, turkey has started to be reintroduced to its place of origin with apparent success. In the wild, they live in groups of up to 20 birds in places close to trees. They usually walk but they can also fly. Male wild turkeys weigh from 8 to 10 kg and females from 4 to 5 kg. But when domesticated they can weigh more than 15 kg. This is due to selection processes and proper nutrition to increase the yield of meat for human consumption. To court a female, the male attracts her with a characteristic sound and raises the tail feathers. The female lays 8 to 15 eggs in a nest made with vegetation, incubating for 25 to 30 days, giving birth to offspring that feed on their own, but have the protection of the mother. Like many other birds of the order Galiformes, males do not have a penis.Currently, domestic turkey farming is a large-scale industry, both in America and Europe, being one of the favorite dishes at Christmas and on the Day of Action of Thanks in the United States.