Stone coubertin

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July 6, 2022

Pierre de Frédy (January 1, 1863 – September 2, 1937), better known by his noble title of Baron de Coubertin, was a French pedagogue and historian, who went down in history as the founder of the Olympic Games. of the modern era.

Biography

Born in Paris, the French capital, into an aristocratic family descended from Ferdinand III of Castile, Pierre de Frédy was inspired by his visits to English and American colleges, and set out to improve education systems. It is believed that he was the one who came up with the idea of ​​restarting with the Olympic Games. At one point, after devising an international competition to promote athletics, and taking advantage of a growing international interest in the ancient Olympic Games, fueled by archaeological discoveries in the ruins of Olympia, Baron de Coubertin conceived a plan to revive the Games. Olympic.

Olympic Games

To publish his plans, he organized an international congress on 23 June 1894 at the Sorbonne in Paris. So he proposed that the tradition of holding a periodic international sporting event be reinstated, inspired by what was done in ancient Greece. This congress led to the constitution of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), of which Baron de Coubertin would be secretary general between (1896-1925). It was also decided that the first Olympic Games of the modern era would take place in Athens, Greece and that from then on, as in antiquity, an Olympiad would be held every four years. Two years later, the 1896 Summer Olympics were held, which were a success. After the 1896 Games, Demetrius Vikelas resigned as president of the IOC and Pierre de Coubertin took his place at the head of the organization. Despite the success of the early games, the Olympic Movement would face difficult times, with the 1900 and 1904 Olympic Games being completely overshadowed by the world expositions in which they were integrated, and going completely unnoticed. The situation improved with the 1906 Summer Olympics, which, using the pretext of commemorating the 10th anniversary of the first edition, served to clean up the image and promote the Games as an international event par excellence. From then on, the Olympic Games would continue to gain audience, becoming the most important sporting event in the world. Pierre de Coubertin relinquished the IOC presidency after the 1924 Summer Olympics, held in his hometown of Paris, and with far greater success than the previous 1900 edition. He was succeeded in office by Henri de Baillet-Latour .

Death

Coubertin died on 2 September 1937 in Geneva. He was buried in Lausanne (the site of the IOC headquarters), but his heart was buried separately, in a monument near the ruins of ancient Olympia.

Educational philosophy

The subject he seems to have been most deeply interested in was education, and his study has focused in particular on physical education and the role of sport in schooling. In 1883, at the age of twenty, he visited England for the first time and studied the physical education program instituted by Thomas Arnold at the Rugby School. Coubertin credited these methods with expanding British power during the 19th century and advocated their use in French institutions. The inclusion of physical education in the curriculum of French schools would become a constant pursuit and passion of Coubertin. Coubertin is thought to have exaggerated the importance of sport for Thomas Arnold, whom he saw as "one of the founders of athletic chivalry". The character-reforming influence of sport that Coubertin was so impressed with is more likely to have originated in the novel Tom Brown's School Days (published in 1857) and not exclusively in Arnold's own ideas. However