January 26, 2022

A politician (from the transliterated Greek politikós) or statesman is one who takes care of politics. According to Socrates, he is a public man who deals with the so-called "public thing". According to Plato, he is affiliated with a party or "philosophical ideology of conduct". If incorporated into a state by the will of the people, it can be formally recognized as an active member of a government. He is a person who influences the way society is governed. This definition includes people who are in decision-making positions in government and people who aspire to these positions either by election or by appointment.


It is the individual belonging to a party, who is concerned with gaining acceptance from the population to ascend to a certain position. He actively participates in party politics. He has the power to form public opinion. In a State, they are the members of the executive and legislative branches, of the federal government, of the state and municipal governments. Someone who manipulates and influences the opinion of a certain group in favor of an idea can also be considered a politician. It can also be considered someone who, not knowing how to do anything else, uses the powers that politics gives them and consequently I command them to "govern themselves". Who is not considered a politician: Government members who serve merely for bureaucratic work, as advisors and technical consultants; Public servants called civil servants, whether executive, legislative, judicial or military, are not generally considered political, although they are involved in government decision-making processes; Ordinary citizens with voting power are not exactly considered politicians, although they can be shapers of public opinion.

Political positions

Some political positions are: Congressman; Governor; Congressperson; senator; Parliamentary; Minister; Mayor; President; Prime Minister; Councilor. An individual candidate for election to any of these offices is generally defined as a politician.


Although politics has historically been considered an honorable profession, many people today, even in democratic countries, have a negative opinion of politicians as a class. They are sometimes seen as unscrupulous people whose promises are not true. They are also occasionally accused of embezzling funds for their own interest and not the interest of the people, as well as character deviations. In fact, cases of political corruption are not uncommon. In many countries, the political class is made up of wealthy people, or individuals who depend on the wealthiest class in society for election. This fact is not restricted to a specific political party, system of government or country; it is, on the contrary, a highly pervasive phenomenon in the politics of most democratic countries that, by many, is considered a problem or an obstacle. Another criticism of politicians is in relation to those so-called "professional politicians", politicians who hold several mandates and who depend on their salary as politicians to survive (they could make decisions aimed solely at maintaining their mandates, and not aiming at the well-being population, as you would expect from a politician). Another frequent criticism of politicians, and of politics in general, is the inability of many politicians to understand basic economic concepts. Many political offices have no educational qualifications, and many politicians have little or no management training. Even so, politicians have responsibilities in areas of management and decision-making that require expertise in economics, finance and public administration. They are often seen as thieves of public money, as they practice nepotism, embezzlement, breach of parliamentary decorum, superfat

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