North Rhine-Westphalia or North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen) is a state (Bundesland) of Germany, being the most populous of them.
North Rhine-Westphalia consists of five administrative regions (Regierungsbezirke), divided into 31 districts (Kreise), which are groups of small municipalities, and 23 independent towns (Kreisfreie Städte), generally with more than 100,000 inhabitants, which do not belong to no district. In total, North Rhine-Westphalia has 396 municipalities (1997), including urban districts, which are municipalities in their own right.
The German system of government is parliamentary. With regard to the federative model, each of the 16 states has its minister-president, with greater administrative and governmental autonomy than state governors in Brazil. The state borders the Netherlands and Belgium in the west. In addition to Düsseldorf, Cologne and Bonn, other important cities in North Rhine-Westphalia are Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, Bielefeld and Aachen. Its neighboring states are Lower Saxony to the north and northeast, Hessen to the southeast, Rhineland-Palatinate to south, the Belgian province of Liège to the southwest and the provinces of Limburg, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Netherlands to the west. It is the most populous state in Germany.The districts of North Rhine-Westphalia:
The independent cities (kreisfreie Städte), which do not belong to any district, are:
The five administrative regions, belonging to one of the two Landschaftsverbände:
Rhineland (Rheinland) (LVR)
Westphalia-Lippe (Westfalen-Lippe) (LWL)
Catholics 42%, Evangelical Church of Germany 28%.
The flag of North Rhine-Westphalia has three horizontal stripes in green, white and red with the combined coat of arms of the provinces Rhineland Prussian (wavy white line on a green background), Westphalia (the white horse) and Lippe (the pink one). red).
According to legend, the horse on the coat of arms of Westphalia is the horse that the Saxon leader Widukind rode after his baptism. Other theories attribute the horse to Henry the Lion.
List of Minister-Presidents of North Rhine-Westphalia
«Official Government Portal»
«Information on the history of North Rhine-Westphalia on the web portal "Westfälische Geschichte"»
«Guidelines for the integration of the Land Lippe within the territory of the federal state North-Rhine-Westphalia of 17th January 1947»