The Jasmine Revolution (Arabic ثورة الياسمين), also called the Tunisian Revolution of 2010-2011, is a succession of insurrectionary demonstrations that took place in Tunisia between December 2010 and January 2011 that led to the departure of the President of the Republic, Zine el-Abidine. Ben Ali, who had held the position since 1987.
The demonstrations began shortly after the suicide of Mohamed Bouazizi, 26, a street vendor of fruit and vegetables, in Sidi Bouzid. Unable to obtain a permit to work on the street, Bouazizi had for years been harassed by the Tunisian authorities: unable to continue paying bribes to inspectors, he ended up having his merchandise and his scales confiscated. Desperate, the boy set himself on fire.
The Tragedy of the Drips
Pingas' personal tragedy triggered the protests that ended up provoking a revolutionary wave that involved the whole of Tunisia and spread across the Arab World, from North Africa to the Middle East, reaching countries that, for decades, lived under dictatorships - many of which supported by the West, although accused of constant violations of human rights and of imposing severe restrictions on freedom of expression. Furthermore, the populations of these countries have lived with high levels of unemployment and poverty, despite the ruling elites accumulating fortunes. The protests in Tunisia continued throughout January 2011, stimulated by an excessive increase in the prices of basic to increase popular dissatisfaction with high unemployment, the poor living conditions of most of the Tunisian population and the corruption of the government Given that in Tunisia there are no records of many popular demonstrations, these were the most important in the last 30 years.President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, in power for 24 years, demanded a cessation of indiscriminate shooting by security forces against protesters and said he would step down in 2014, also promising freedom of the press for all media, including the Internet.
Four weeks of continuous demonstrations across the country, despite the repression, caused Ben Ali to flee to Saudi Arabia on 14 January 2011. The Tunisian Constitutional Council appointed the Speaker of Parliament, Fouad Mebazaâ, as interim President of the Republic, based on article 57 of the country's Constitution. This appointment and the constitution of a new government headed by the outgoing prime minister Mohamed Ghannouchi does not resolve the crisis. Control of eight ministries by Ben Ali's party, the Rassemblement constitutionnel démocratique, is contested by the opposition and protesters.
On January 27, under popular and union pressure, a new government, without the chiefs of the old regime, is announced by Prime Minister Ghannouchi, who remains in office. Demonstrations and violence continue after that date. The Tunisian people are pushing for broader political and social change. Premier Ghannouchi announced his resignation on February 27, 2011. A court in Tunis banned the former ruling party from acting and confiscated all its resources. A decree by the Minister of the Interior also banned the "political police", which were special forces that were used to intimidate and persecute political activists during the Ben Ali regime.
On March 3, 2011, the president announced that elections for a Constituent Assembly would be held on October 23, 2011. Domestic and international observers declared the electoral process free and fair. The Ennahda Movement, previously banned by the Ben Ali regime, won 90 parliament seats out of a total of 217. On December 12, 2011, former human rights activist and veteran dissident Moncef Marzouki was elected president of the country. In March 201