October 19, 2021
Archaeological site, archaeological site or archaeological station is a place or group of places - whose areas and boundaries cannot always be precisely defined - where testimonies and evidences of activities in the historical past, whether prehistoric or not, have been preserved. The term "archaeological site" is generally linked to the place where artifacts, constructions or other evidence of human activities, which occurred in the recent, distant or even remote past, are or were preserved. The best known archaeological sites correspond to cities, temples, cemeteries and ancient tombs buried in various parts of the world. In Brazil, these places are protected by law and it is a crime to destroy them. If the focus of study is not linked to the history of man and his activities, but rather to the study of the evolution of life on Earth, the corresponding areas of research in field are then called paleontological sites. Paleontological sites are, therefore, areas that have historically proved to be favorable to the formation and preservation of fossils. Based on fossils collected at scattered paleontological sites across the globe, with some dating back to the Archean eon, it is possible to construct an elaborate scenario of the evolution of life on the planet over its existence. subclass of paleontological sites, the former generally also harboring human fossils. The oldest ones, however, date back at most to the Miocene.