Indigenous Land of Vale do Javari


July 6, 2022

The Vale do Javari Indigenous Land is an indigenous land located in the municipalities of Atalaia do Norte and Guajará, in the west of the state of Amazonas, in Brazil. It was demarcated by decree of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso on May 2, 2001. It is inhabited by different indigenous peoples, such as the Marubos, Matsés, Matis, Kanamari, Kulina. There are also at least four isolated groups within the reserve. It is the region with the highest density of isolated indigenous peoples in the world. At the time of demarcation, the number of inhabitants of the indigenous land totaled 3,961 individuals. In 2021, it was estimated to have a population of 6,317 people.

Current issues

Vale do Javari has a high suicide rate (142 per 100,000 inhabitants), more than anywhere else in Brazil. The region is also currently suffering from predatory pressure from loggers, traffickers, hunters and fishermen.