Treaty of Paris (1783)


May 29, 2022

The Treaty of Paris was the international agreement by which the defunct Kingdom of Great Britain formally and officially recognized the end of the United States War of Independence and the post-American Revolution independence of the United States of America. The treaty was signed on September 3, 1783 in Paris, as it was neutral ground for both litigants. The other fighting nations – France, Spain and the Republic of the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands – had separate peace treaties.


The Treaty of Paris established the following: Great Britain recognized the independence of the Thirteen North American Colonies and gave them the territory between the Great Lakes, the Appalachian Mountains and the Ohio and Mississippi rivers; France regained some territories lost after the Seven Years' War, namely: the trading posts of Senegal and the islands of Saint Lucia, Saint Peter and Miquelão and Tobago, in the Antilles, in addition to the right to fish in Newfoundland; Spain regained Florida, also lost in the Seven Years' War, and the island of Minorca, in the Mediterranean, occupied by the British during that war; and at the end of the war and after signing the Treaty of Paris, England would possess India, Canada, Senegal, part of Louisiana and the Antilles.