Wikimedia movement

Article

October 19, 2021

The Wikimedia movement, or simply Wikimedia, is the global community of contributors to the Wikimedia Foundation's projects. The movement was created around the Wikipedia community and has since expanded to other Wikimedia projects, including the common projects Wikimedia Commons and Wikidata, and volunteer software developers contributing to MediaWiki. These volunteers are supported by numerous organizations around the world, including the Wikimedia Foundation, related chapters, thematic organizations and user groups. The name "Wikimedia", a composite of wiki and media, was coined by American writer Sheldon Rampton in a post to the English mailing list in March 2003, three months after Wiktionary became the second wiki-based project hosted on the platform. by Jimmy Wales, and three months before the Wikimedia Foundation was announced and incorporated. "Wikimedia" can also refer to Wikimedia projects.

Community

The Wikipedia community is the community of contributors to the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. It consists of editors (or contributors) and administrators. The Arbitration Committee is a panel of editors responsible for conducting arbitration to resolve serious disputes between editors of the encyclopedia. The committee has the authority to impose binding sanctions and also determines which users have access to special permissions.

Projects

Wikimedia projects include:

Organizations

Wikimedia Foundation

The Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California. It owns the domain names and operates most of the movement's websites, such as Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia, as well as Wikimedia Commons. WMF was founded in 2003 by Jimmy Wales as a way to fund Wikipedia and its sister projects through non-profit means. Its purpose is "... to enable and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally." WMF, in 2015 WMF had a budget of $72 million, spending $52 million on its operation and increasing its reserves to $82 million. WMF is funded primarily by donations, with an average donation of $15.

Chapters

Chapters are organizations that support Wikimedia projects in specific geographic regions, mainly countries. There are currently 38 chapters. Wikimedia Deutschland (WMDE) is the largest chapter, with a total budget of twenty million euros. WMDE allocates approximately 1 million euros to support the corporation responsible for the distribution of donations and 4 million euros for the transfer to the WMF. To have the same procedure, each chapter follows the same process and requests its annual budget in the dissemination committee of funds. The foundation, as the Internet domain owner of the project pages, requests a portion of the donations through the website in one country (eg for Germany, Switzerland) or pays a chapter at the agreed amount (other chapters). A total of less than USD 4 million is distributed in this way to chapters and thematic organizations. The legal basis is an "Agreement of Chapters" with the foundation. The Wikimedia de Portugal chapter is Wikimedia Portugal.

Thematic organizations

"Thematic Organizations" are founded to support Wikimedia projects in a focal subject area; Currently, there is only one such organization. They are governed by the "Wikimedia Thematic Organization Agreement".

User groups

Wikimedia affiliates of the "User Group" type have fewer formal requirements than chapters and thematic organizations. Support and promote

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